Rosa 2014 Massie

Title Information

Author: John P. Rosa

Title: Local Story

Subtitle: The Massie-Kahahawai Case and the Culture of History

Place: Honolulu

Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press

Year: 2014

Pages: xii + 163pp.

ISBN-13: 9780824828257 (cloth) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9780824839703 (paper) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | U.S. History | Cases: Offenders / Joseph Kahahawai; Cases: Victims / Thalia Massie; Types: Gang Rape, Interracial Rape

Full Text

Link: Project MUSE (Restricted Access)

Additional Information

Author: John P. Rosa, Department of History, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa


  Acknowledgments (p. ix)
  Introduction: The Massie-Kahahawai Case as a Local Story (p. 1)
  Chapter 1: Local Boys: Ahakuelo, Chang, Ida, Kahahawai, and Takai as the Accused (p. 9)
  Chapter 2: Haole Woman: Thalia Massie and the Defense of White Womanhood (p. 26)
  Chapter 3: The Killing of Joseph Kahahawai: Native Hawaiians and Stories of Resistance (p. 44)
  Chapter 4: A Closing and an Opening: The Massie-Fortescue Murder Trial (p. 65)
  Chapter 5: Story, Memory, History (p. 77)
  Epilogue: Ha'ina 'ia mai (p. 102)
  Chronology of the Massie-Kahahawai Case and Its Legacy (p. 109)
  Notes (p. 117)
  Bibliography (p. 137)
  Index (p. 153)


»The Massie-Kahahawai case of 1931–1932 shook the Territory of Hawai‘i to its very core. Thalia Massie, a young Navy wife, alleged that she had been kidnapped and raped by “some Hawaiian boys” in Waikīkī. A few days later, five young men stood accused of her rape. Mishandling of evidence and contradictory testimony led to a mistrial, but before a second trial could be convened, one of the accused, Horace Ida, was kidnapped and beaten by a group of Navy men and a second, Joseph Kahahawai, lay dead from a gunshot wound. Thalia’s husband, Thomas Massie; her mother, Grace Fortescue; and two Navy men were convicted of the lesser charge of manslaughter, despite witnesses who saw them kidnap Kahahawai and the later discovery of his body in Massie’s car. Under pressure from Congress and the Navy, territorial governor Lawrence McCully Judd commuted their sentences. After spending only an hour in the governor’s office at ‘Iolani Palace, the four were set free.
Local Story is a close examination of how Native Hawaiians, Asian immigrants, and others responded to challenges posed by the military and federal government during the case’s investigation and aftermath. In addition to providing a concise account of events as they unfolded, the book shows how this historical narrative has been told and retold in later decades to affirm a local identity among descendants of working-class Native Hawaiians, Asians, and others—in fact, this understanding of the term “local” in the islands dates from the Massie-Kahahawai case. It looks at the racial and sexual tensions in pre–World War II Hawai‘i that kept local men and white women apart and at the uneasy relationship between federal and military officials and territorial administrators. Lastly, it examines the revival of interest in the case in the last few decades: true crime accounts, a fictionalized TV mini-series, and, most recently, a play and a documentary—all spurring the formation of new collective memories about the Massie-Kahahawai case.« (Source: University of Hawai'i Press)

Reviews: Okamura, Jonathan Y. The Journal of Pacific History (October 14, 2014). – Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access)

Wikipedia: Joseph Kahahawai, Massie Trial, Thalia Massie

Added: October 25, 2014 – Last updated: October 25, 2014