Added: August 5, 2017 – Last updated: August 5, 2017


Author: Caryn A. Reeder

Title: Wartime Rape, the Romans, and the First Jewish Revolt

Subtitle: -

Journal: Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic, and Roman Period

Volume: Published online before print


Year: 2017 (Published online: July 2017)

Pages: 23 pages

ISSN: 0047-2212 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1570-0631 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Ancient History: Ancient Rome | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / First Jewish-Roman War


Link: Brill Online Books and Journals (Restricted Access)


Author: Caryn Reeder, Department of Religious Studies, Westmont

Abstract: »In contrast with the breadth of references to rape in historiographies, narratives, and visual depictions of war across the Greco-Roman world, the relatively few references to rape in stories of the First Jewish Revolt are remarkable: Josephus, J.W. 4.560 and 7.344, 377, 382, 385; 4 Ezra 10:22; Lam. Rab. 1:16; b. Giṭ. 56b, 57b-58a. This paper explores the use and significance of rape as a weapon in Roman warfare as context for interpreting the references to rape in the earliest reflections on the revolt, Josephus’s Jewish War and 4 Ezra, proposing that the limited number of these references in Josephus in particular relates to his larger goal of reconstructing Jewish identity (especially in terms of masculinity) in post-revolt Rome.« (Source: Journal for the Study of Judaism)


  “Rape” in the Roman World
  The Occurrence of Rape in Roman Warfare
  Interpreting Rape as a Weapon of War
    Rewarding Victory
    Embodying Defeat
    Destroying the Future
    Questioning the Practice of Wartime Rape
  Wartime Rape in Josephus’s Jewish War

Wikipedia: Ancient history: Ancient Rome | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence | War: First Jewish–Roman War