Added: October 1, 2016 – Last updated: March 4, 2017


Author: Nicole Rafter

Title: The Crime of All Crimes

Subtitle: Toward a Criminology of Genocide

Place: New York and London

Publisher: New York University Press

Year: 2016

Pages: xiv + 299pp.

ISBN-13: 9781479859481 (cloth) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | African History: Rwandan History | Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide



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Author: Wikipedia


  List of Ilustrations (p. ix)
  Preface (p. xi)
  1. Genocide, Criminology, and Evolution of the “Crime of Crimes” (p. 1)
The Katyn Forest Genocide, 1940
  2. What Kind of a Crime Is Genocide? (p. 24)
Capsule Summaries of Eight Genocides
  3. The Big Picture: The Macro Dynamics of Genocide (p. 54)
The Herero Genocide, 1904–1907
  4. The Emotional Dynamics of Genocide: Meso-Level Analyses (p. 80)
The Indonesian Genocide, 1965–1966
  5. Extermination Up Close and Personal: Genocide on the Micro Level (p. 106)
The Cambodian Genocide, 1975–1979
  6. Mobilization for Destruction
The Armenian Genocide, 1915–1923 (p. 131)
The Nazi Genocide of the Disabled, 1939–1945
  7. Gender and Genocide (p. 152)
The Rwandan Genocide, 1994
  8. How Do Genocides End? Do They End? (p. 181)
The Guatemalan Genocide, 1981–1983
  9. Treating Genocide as a Crime (p. 202)
  Appendix A: Twentieth-Century Genocides (p. 229)
  Appendix B: Case-Study Questions (p. 235)
  Notes (p. 239)
  References (p. 267)
  Index (p. 291)
  About the Author (p. 299)

Description: »Cambodia. Rwanda. Armenia. Nazi Germany. History remembers these places as the sites of unspeakable crimes against humanity, and indisputably, of genocide. Yet, throughout the twentieth century, the world has seen many instances of violence committed by states against certain groups within their borders—from the colonial ethnic cleansing the Germans committed against the Herero tribe in Africa, to the Katyn Forest Massacre, in which the Soviets shot over 20,000 Poles, to anti-communist mass murders in 1960s Indonesia. Are mass crimes against humanity like these still genocide? And how can an understanding of crime and criminals shed new light on how genocide—the “crime of all crimes”—transpires?
In The Crime of All Crimes, criminologist Nicole Rafter takes an innovative approach to the study of genocide by comparing eight diverse genocides--large-scale and small; well-known and obscure—through the lens of criminal behavior. Rafter explores different models of genocidal activity, reflecting on the popular use of the Holocaust as a model for genocide and ways in which other genocides conform to different patterns. For instance, Rafter questions the assumption that only ethnic groups are targeted for genocidal “cleansing," and she also urges that actions such as genocidal rape be considered alongside traditional instances of genocidal violence. Further, by examining the causes of genocide on different levels, Rafter is able to construct profiles of typical victims and perpetrators and discuss means of preventing genocide, in addition to delving into the social psychology of genocidal behavior and the ways in which genocides are brought to an end. A sweeping and innovative investigation into the most tragic of events in the modern world, The Crime of All Crimes will fundamentally change how we think about genocide in the present day.« (Source: New York University Press)


Carrabine, Eamonn. The British Journal of Criminology 56(6) (November 2016): 1310-1312. – Full Text: Oxford University Press (Restricted Access)

Pruitt, William R. International Criminal Justice Review 27(1) (2017): 76-78. – Full Text: SAGE Publications (Restricted Access)

Randhawa, Suwita H. Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal 10(2) (2016): 141-143. – Full Text: Scholar Commons: Digital Repository of the University of South Florida (Free Access)

Rymond-Richmond, Wenona. Theoretical Criminology (August 8, 2016). – Full Text: SAGE Publications (Restricted Access)

Walklate, Sandra. The British Journal of Criminology 56(6) (November 2016): 1308-1310. – Full Text: Oxford University Press (Restricted Access)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Rwanda | Genocide: Rwandan genocide / Rape during the Rwandan Genocide | Sex and the law: Genocidal rape