Added: January 2, 2016 – Last updated: January 2, 2016


Authors: Leonhard Praeg and Michael Baillie

Title: Sexual Violence

Subtitle: Mythology, Infant Rape and the Limits of the Political

Journal: Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies

Volume: 38

Issue: 2

Year: August 2011 (Published online: August 24, 2011)

Pages: 257-274

ISSN: 0258-9346 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1470-1014 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | African History: South African History | Types: Gang Rape


Link: Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access)


Authors: Leonhard Praeg, Department of Political & International Studies, Rhodes University

Abstract: »In the three decades since French theorist Rene Girard first published his 'Violence and the Sacred' (1977) his insights into the nature of collective violence have made substantial contributions to a number of disciplines, including literary studies, cultural studies, anthropology, psychology, philosophy and political theory. With the exception of a few texts, his theory has not seen many applications in the (post-colonial) African context. This paper explores the contributions his theory can make to the study of extreme forms of male sexual violence in post-apartheid South Africa. Theories about such violence generally favour explanations that emphasize domestic causality ('cycles of violence'), the apartheid legacy of 'lawnessness' or post-apartheid socio-economic conditions. In addition there is also a substantial literature which interprets such violence in the more familiar terms of (a) masculinity (-ies) in crisis. Our aim in this theoretical article is to explore the usefulness of Girard's theory for understanding the relationship between such crises in masculine identity and two extreme forms of sexual violence, namely gang rape and infant rape.« (Source: Politikon)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of South Africa | Sexual violence in South Africa | Types of rape: Gang rape