Added: December 3, 2016 – Last updated: December 3, 2016


Author: Annie Pohlman

Title: The spectre of Communist women, sexual violence and citizenship in Indonesia

Subtitle: -

Journal: Sexualities

Volume: Published online before print


Year: 2016 (Published online: July 23, 2016)


ISSN: 1363-4607 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1461-7382 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | Asian History: Indonesian History


Link: SAGE Publications (Restricted Access)


Author: Annie Pohlman, School of Languages and Cultures, University of, ResearchGate

Abstract: »In this article, the author examines sexual violence against women during a period of mass social conflict and reflects on how this violence continues to affect sexual and political citizenship in modern Indonesia. The demonization and destruction of a particular group of Communist women, known as ‘Gerwani’, during the mass killings of 1965–1966 created an on-going, pathological discourse about politically active women as gendered and sexual ‘others’ in Indonesia. The reconfiguration of bodies through sexual violence during that period continues to shape gender ideology and sexual politics in Indonesia, particularly through the prescription of more traditional, heteronormative roles for women’s political participation. This negative association with sexuality and sexual violence affects the possibilities for women’s active citizenship in post-New Order Indonesia, and renders it difficult for women to claim sexual autonomy or sexual citizenship.« (Source: Sexualities)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Indonesia / Indonesian killings of 1965–66