Added: October 19, 2013 – Last updated: February 6, 2016


Author: Amanda C. Pipkin

Title: Rape in the Republic, 1609-1725

Subtitle: Formulating Dutch Identity

Place: Leiden and Boston

Publisher: Brill

Year: 2013

Pages: 288pp.

Series: Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions 172

ISBN-13: 9789004256651 (hbk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9789004256668 (ebk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 17th Century, 18th Century | European History: Dutch History, Spanish History | Types: Wartime Rape / Eighty Years' War



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Author: Amanda Pipkin, Department of History, University of North Carolina at Charlotte –


  List of Plates (p. ix)
  Acknowledgements (p. xiii)
  Preface (p. xv)
  Chapter One. Introduction (p. 1)
    Foreign Enemies and Dutch Identity (p. 5)
    The Family and Power (p. 7)
    Meanings of Rape (p. 18)
    Plan of the Book (p. 30)
  Chapter Two. Patriotic Propaganda (p. 35)
    Dutch Identity (p. 38)
    Dutch Literary Offensive (p. 41)
    Propaganda, the Dutch Revolt, and the Gijsbrecht (p. 45)
    Propaganda 1581-1609 (p. 49)
    Propaganda 1609-1621 (p. 55)
    Rape and Vondel's Gijsbrecht–Violation of Social Norms (p. 66)
    Violation of Political Rights (p. 70)
    Violation of Religious Institutions (p. 76)
    Concluding Ideas (p. 81)
  Chapter Three. Protestant Morality (p. 83)
    Dutch Pietism and Domestic Conduct Books (p. 86)
    Rape and Social Status (p. 93)
    Obedient Minors (p. 110)
    Marriage: The Antidote to Dangerous Sexuality (p. 119)
    The Burden of Rape Prevention (p. 128)
    Concluding Ideas (p. 135)
  Chapter Four. Catholic Advice (p. 138)
    Intermittent Catholic Persecution (p. 141)
    Violent Virgins (p. 143)
    A Martyr's Reward (p. 150)
    Purity and Impurity (p. 154)
    Maintaining Purity (p. 162)
    Superheroines of Purity (p. 183)
    Concluding Ideas (p. 187)
  Chapter Five. Women's Objections (p. 190)
    Expanding Opportunities and Networks (p. 193)
    Rape in Women's Writings (p. 199)
    Women and Nation-building (p. 220)
    Concluding Ideas (p. 234)
  Chapter Six. Conclusion (p. 236)
    Depictions of Rape and Patriotic Dutch Identity (p. 237)
    Implications for Dutch Women (p. 238)
    Ending Rape (p. 243)
  Bibliography (p. 247)
    Primary Sources (p. 247)
    Secondary Sources (p. 251)
  Index (p. 263)

Description: »This book reveals the fundamental role rape played in promoting Dutch solidarity from 1609-1725. Through the identification of particular enemies, it directed attention away from competing regional, religious, and political loyalties. Patriotic Protestant authors highlighted atrocities committed by the Spanish and lower-class criminals. They conversely cast Dutch men as protectors of their wives and daughters – an appealing characterization that allowed the Dutch to take pride in a sense of moral superiority and justify the Dutch Revolt. After the conclusion of peace with Spain in 1648, marginalized authors, including Catholic priests and literary women, employed depictions of rape to subtly advance their own agendas without undermining political stability. Rape was thus essential in the development and preservation of a common identity that paved the way for the Dutch defeat of the mighty Spanish empire and their rise to economic pre-eminence in Europe.« (Source: Brill)


Esser, Raingard. BMGN - Low Countries Historical Review 129(4) (2014). – Full Text: BMGN (Free Access)

Ruberg, Willemijn. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 127(3) (September 2014): 518-519. – Full Text: ingentaconnect (Restricted Access)

van der Heijden, Manon. Journal of the History of Sexuality 25(1) (January 2016): 194-196. – Full Text: Project MUSE (Restricted Access)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of the Netherlands / Dutch Republic | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Eighty Years' War