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Author: Chioma Mary Oruh

Title: Imperialism, Rape and the Congo Predicament

Subtitle: -

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, Howard University

Advisor: Daryl B. Harris

Year: May 2015

Pages: 227pp.

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | African History: Congolese History


Link: ProQuest (Restricted Access)


Abstract: »This research critically examines the intersection of feminism, neocolonialism and neoliberalism as a hindrance to empowering directly-impacted women and girl survivors of the rape crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). By examining the different key players of globalization, this study demonstrates how world courts, international nongovernmental organizations and international financial institutions utilize feminist ideology to further depress the DRC's economy. In narrowing the scope of rape to only reflect the rape of individual bodies and not the historic and material foundation of the rape of resources, feminist ideology has become a powerful weapon to misdirect the culprit of oppression to warlords and not the international system that has relied on first classic colonialism, and now neocolonialism, to maintain hegemony on the DRC's material wealth. This study provides a historic narrative and contemporary examples of how this dynamic plays out in the political terrain of the DRC since the beginning of the crisis in 1994. Furthermore, this study explores an alternative matri-focal paradigm to reassess the wartime rape of women and girls in eastern DRC as an extension of the centuries-long rape of DRC's mineral wealth. By finding linkage in the economic practices in pre-colonial matriarchal societies that granted women control over markets and familial/communal wealth, this study gives policy recommendations through the exploration of the case study of Justine Masika Bihamba--a modern-day matriarch in eastern DRC. This research attempts to answer the following questions: 1) What is the history and role of feminist ideology in development and underdevelopment in the Democratic Republic of Congo? And by extension, how does this ideology inform economic policy and institutional arrangements derived to address the current rape crisis? 2) How do such political superstructures informed and influenced by feminist ideology impede or inspire social transformation? If determined detrimental, what alternative framework is recommended for true resolution?« (Source: Thesis)


  Dedication (p. iii)
  Acknowledgements (p. iv)
  Abstract (p. vi)
  List of Figures (p. ix)
  Chapter I. Introduction (p. 1)
    Nature of the Problem (p. 5)
    Central Research Questions (p. 8)
    Statement of Research Problem (p. 8)
    Multi-Theoretical Framework (p. 9)
      Africana Critical Theory (p. 10)
      Neocolonialism (p. 12)
      Primordial African Matriarchy (p. 14)
    Methodology (p. 19)
      Discussion on Methodological Approach (p. 19)
      Data (p. 22)
    Significance of the Study (p. 23)
    Organization of the Study (p. 25)
  Chapter II. Review of Literature (p. 26)
    Rape in the DRC Today (p. 27)
    Brief Commentary on the Coltan Resource War (p. 32)
    Weapon of Theory and the Role Ideology in DRC (p. 38)
    World Systems and Neoliberalism (p. 41)
    Fortunes of Feminism: The Primary Contradiction (p. 43)
    Matriarchy as Myth (p. 50)
  Chapter III. The Politcs of Rape (p. 63)
    Rape on the World Stage (p. 66)
    Rape in the US: A Prelude of Motive set in the Anti-Rape Movement (p. 71)
    International Dimensions of Feminism in Defining Rape (p. 79)
    The Kunarac Case: Yugoslavian White Women as the Masked Face of Rape Justice (p. 84)
    The Profit Margin of Rape as Crime Against Humanity (p. 86)
    The Rwandan Rape Tribunals (p. 92)
    The Future of the DRC Rape Crisis (p. 94)
    Other Considerations (p. 96)
  Chapter IV. The Politicall Economy of the Congo (p. 102)
    The Problem with NGOism (p. 105)
    DRC Today: A Contradiction of Promise and Despair (p. 110)
    War on the Matri-focal Unit of Production (p. 113)
    Background to the Crisis (p. 116)
    A Final Consideration: The Colonial History of Rwanda and Uganda in the DRC (p. 129)
  Chapter V. Intersection of Feminism, Neocolonialism and Neoliberalism (p. 139)
    Daughters of Imperialism: The Face of Neoliberal Feminism in Africa (p. 141)
    Imperialism and Conscious Capitalism in the Great Lake Region (p. 152)
    The Three D's of Neocolonialism: Defense, Diplomacy and Development (p. 161)
    Neoliberalism and the World Bank Structural Adjustment Programs (p. 166)
    The Nail in the Coffin: Obama's Africa Plan (p. 172)
  Chapter VI. Matri-Focality and Madamce Justine (p. 178)
    Madama Justine: A Biological Case Study (p. 179)
    Analysis of Madama Justine's Work (p. 194)
  Chapter VII. Conclusion (p. 203)
  Bibliography (p. 208)
    Books (p. 208)
    Articles (p. 212)
    Websites (p. 216)
    Films (p. 217)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo | Sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo