Odoemene 2012 Violence

Title Information

Author: Akachi Odoemene

Title: The Nigerian Armed Forces and Sexual Violence in Ogoniland of the Niger Delta Nigeria, 1990-1999

Subtitle: -

Journal: Armed Forces & Society

Volume: 38

Issue: 2

Year: March 2012

Pages: 225-251

ISSN: 0095-327X – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1556-0848 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | Nigerian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Conflict in the Niger Delta

Full Text

Link: SAGE Journals (Restricted Access)

Additional Information

Author: Akachi Odoemene, Department of Social Sciences, Federal University OtuokeAcademia.edu

Abstract: »Ogoniland in the Niger Delta was subjected to excessive militarization during Nigeria’s military dictatorships. Nigerian Armed Forces used acts of violence and repression, including various forms of sexual violence, as instruments to intimidate the people and ultimately contain the “Ogoni insurgency.” This article reconstructs the history of the military occupation of Ogoniland and the acts of sexual violence perpetrated by Nigerian Armed Forces—an area in which little research has previously been conducted. It examines the factors contributing to acts of violence in the Ogoni conflicts committed with the active complicity of the State in the context of a nationalized conflict. Data for the study were derived from both primary and secondary sources, including in-person and focus group interviews. An imbalance of power relations was identified as the ultimate cause of violent acts, which were used as demonstrations of power and weapons of State terrorism. The wider sociocultural meanings and implications of these violations are diverse, deep-rooted, and altogether utterly destructive to the social fabric of Nigeria. Finally, the unwillingness of the State to engage with this historical episode in Ogoniland could lead to repeated violence in Ogoniland and elsewhere.« (Source: Armed Forces & Society)


  Introduction (p. 226)
  Literature Review (p. 227)
    Perspectives on Sexual Violence (p. 227)
    Armed Forces and Sexual Violence (p. 229)
  Civil-Military Relations in Nigeria: An Alternative Perspective (p. 230)
  Methodology (p. 233)
  Background to the Ogini Crisis (p. 234)
  Factors That Explain Sexual Violence in the Ogoni Context (p. 236)
  Contextual Meanings, Messages, and Implications (p. 238)
  Conclusion (p. 242)
  Author's Note (p. 243)
  Acknowledgements (p. 243)
  Declaration of Conflicting Interests (p. 243)
  Funding (p. 243)
  Notes (p. 244)
  Bio (p. 251)

Lecture: Odoemene, Akachi. »The Nigerian Military and Sexual Violence in Ogoniland (Niger Delta), Nigeria, 1987-1999.« Les viols en temps de guerre: une histoire à écrire - Rape in Wartime: A History to be Written. Paris 2009.

Wikipedia: Wartime sexual violence: Conflict in the Niger Delta

Added: September 14, 2013 – Last updated: January 31, 2015