Added: January 2, 2016 – Last updated: January 2, 2016


Author: Adibeli Nduka-Agwu

Title: ‘Doing Gender’ After the War

Subtitle: Gender Mainstreaming and Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peace Support Operations in Liberia and Sierra Leone

Journal: Civil Wars

Volume: 11

Issue: 2

Year: June 2009 (Published online: June 25, 2009)

Pages: 179-199

ISSN: 1369-8249 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1743-968X – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 21st Century | African History: Liberian History, Sierra Leonean History | Offenders: UN Personnel


Link: Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access)


Abstract: »Although recommendations for gender mainstreaming and the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse in United Nations peace support operations have increased in recent years, a comparative analysis of different approaches towards these policy objectives remains wanting. As a result, the effectiveness of the UN guidelines for gender mainstreaming as expressed in Security Council Resolution 1325 has not yet been evaluated and debated academically. By comparing UN missions in Sierra Leone and Liberia, this article provides a summary of the current literature on UN policies on gender mainstreaming and sexual misconduct. Relying on interviews with mission staff, the article argues that although the effects of 1325 look promising, efforts to integrate gender perspectives and prevent sexual exploitation still suffer from staff, funding and enforcement deficiencies. More importantly, it reveals how urgently further field research and an active scholarly debate on UN policies on gender awareness and sexual misconduct are needed.« (Source: Civil Wars)


  Introduction (p. 179)
  Gender in UN Peacekeeping (p. 181)
  Mechanisms and Instruments for Effective Gender Mainstreaming (p. 182)
  Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping (p. 184)
  Mechanisms to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (p. 186)
  Gender Mainstreaming in UNAMSIL, Sierra Leone (p. 187)
  Dealing with Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UNAMSIL (p. 188)
  Gender Mainstreaming in UNMIL, Liberia (p. 190)
  Dealing with Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UNMIL (p. 192)
  Comparative Analysis (p. 194)
  Conclusion (p. 196)
  Notes (p. 197)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Liberia, History of Sierra Leone | United Nations: United Nations peacekeeping / United Nations Mission in Liberia, United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone | Types of rape: Child sexual abuse / Child sexual abuse by UN peacekeepers