Naimark 1995 Russians

Title Information


Author: Norman N. Naimark

Title: The Russians in Germany

Subtitle: A History of the Soviet Zone of Occupation, 1945-1949

Place: Cambridge, MA and London

Publisher: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press

Year: 1995

Pages: 586pp.

ISBN-10: 0674784057 – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | German History, Russian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Second World War



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Additional Information


Author: Norman Naimark, Department of History, Stanford UniversityWikipedia

Contents:

  Illustrations (p. ix)
  Acknowledgements (p. xi)
  Abbreviations (p. xviii)
  Introduction (p. 1)
  1 From Soviet to German Administration (p. 9)
    The Commandants (p. 11)
    GlavPURKKA (p. 16)
    SVAG (p. 21)
    Institutional Problems (p. 24)
    Cadres (p. 29)
    Soviet Soldiers in Germany (p. 32)
    Political Education (p. 36)
    Culture and Leisure Activities (p. 38)
    Studying German (p. 39)
    German Cadres (p. 41)
    Building a New Administration (p. 44)
    Provincial Administration (p. 48)
    The German Economic Commission (p. 52)
    Creating a New State (p. 55)
    SVAG and the German Administration (p. 60)
  2 Soviet Soldiers, German Women, and the Poblem of Rape (p. 69)
    East Prussia and Silesia (p. 71)
    Into the Soviet Occupation Zone (p. 76)
    The Taking of Berlin (p. 78)
    Rape in the Zone (p. 83)
    The Soviet Response (p. 90)
    Veneral Disease (p. 97)
    Soldiers and Bandits (p. 101)
    Causes of Rape (p. 105)
    Germans and Rape (p. 116)
    Abortion (p. 121)
    German Men and Women (p. 125)
    Women's Politics (p. 129)
    "About 'the Russians' and about Us" (p. 132)
  3 Reparations, Removals, and the Economic Transformation of the Zone (p. 141)
    The Land Question (p. 142)
    Summer 1945)
    Vertreibung (Expulsion) (p. 145)
    Land Reform (p. 150)
    New Farmers (p. 154)
    Requisitions (p. 156)
    Collectivization (p. 162)
    Removals (p. 166)
    Sequestering (p. 170)
    Illegal Soviet Activity (p. 173)
    Cultural Trophies (p. 175)
    Dismantling (p. 178)
    Referendum on Industry (p. 183)
    Reparations in Kind (p. 186)
    The Soviet Stock Companies (p. 189)
    The Question of Productivity (p. 193)
    The Hennecke Movement (p. 198)
    The Workers and Hennecke (p. 202)
  4 The Soviet Use of German Science (p. 205)
    Atomic Scientists (p. 207)
    Rockets (p. 214)
    Osoviakhim (p. 220)
    The NTOs (p. 228)
    The Academy of Sciences (p. 233)
    Uranium (p. 235)
    Wismut (p. 238)
  5 The Soviets and the German Left (p. 251)
    The Initiative Groups (p. 252)
    Sectarians and the Socialists (p. 254)
    In Moscow (p. 257)
    Buchenwald and Brill (p. 260)
    The Mansfeld Region (p. 263)
    Meissen (p. 265)
    Schwarzenberg (p. 267)
    Berlin (p. 269)
    Unity of Action (p. 271)
    The SED (p. 275)
    The Soviets and the SED (p. 284)
    The Soviets and SED Policies (p. 290)
    Soviets and Germans (p. 292)
    The SED in Power (p. 294)
    Moscow Pilgrimages (p. 298)
    The SED and the Cold War (p. 301)
    The Party of the New Type (p. 308)
    The Last Stage (p. 316)
  6 The Tiul'panov Question and Soviet Policy-Making in the Zone (p. 318)
    The Propaganda Administration (p. 322)
    The Central Committee and the Elections of Fall 1946 (p. 327)
    Tiul'panov and the German Parties (p. 329)
    The Commission Report (p. 335)
    The Creation of the Information Administration (p. 338)
    The Renewed Attack, Summer and Fall 1948 (p. 341)
    The Last Stage (p. 346)
  7 Building the East German Police State (p. 353)
    Stunde Null – Zero Hour (p. 355)
    K - 5 (p. 360)
    Information Service (p. 364)
    Politkultur (p. 366)
    Defense of the Economy (p. 368)
    Alert Police (Bereitschaften) (p. 369)
    The Police State (p. 374)
    The Camps and their Victims (p. 376)
    Internal Affairs (p. 378)
    The Targets (p. 382)
    The Politicals (p. 385)
    Problems for the SED (p. 390)
    Soviet Concerns (p. 391)
    The Last Stage, 1948-1950 (p. 394)
  8 The Politics of Culture and Education (p. 398)
    The Problem of the Intelligentsia (p. 399)
    The Kulturbund (p. 400)
    The Society for the Study of the Culture of the Soviet Union (p. 408)
    VOKS (p. 411)
    The Society for German-Soviet Friendship (p. 416)
    Film (p. 419)
    Theater (p. 424)
    Music, Literature, and the Fine Arts (p. 429)
    Ceremonies and Rituals (p. 434)
    Universities (p. 440)
    The Problems of Sovietization (p. 448)
    New Teachers, New Schools (p. 452)
    Conquering the Intelligentsia (p. 459)
  Conclusion (p. 465)
  Sources (p. 475)
    Archival Sources (p. 477)
    Interviews (p. 479)
    Newspapers (p. 479)
  Notes (p. 481)
  Index (p. 572)

Description:

»In 1945, when the Red Army marched in, eastern Germany was not "occupied" but "liberated." This, until the recent collapse of the Soviet Bloc, is what passed for history in the German Democratic Republic. Now, making use of newly opened archives in Russia and Germany, Norman Naimark reveals what happened during the Soviet occupation of eastern Germany from 1945 through 1949. His book offers a comprehensive look at Soviet policies in the occupied zone and their practical consequences for Germans and Russians alike--and, ultimately, for postwar Europe.
In rich and lucid detail, Naimark captures the mood and the daily reality of the occupation, the chaos and contradictions of a period marked by rape and repression, the plundering of factories, the exploitation of German science, and the rise of the East German police state. Never have these practices and their place in the overall Soviet strategy, particularly the political development of the zone, received such thorough treatment. Here we have our first clear view of how the Russians regarded the postwar settlement and the German question, how they made policy on issues from reparations to technology transfer to the acquisition of uranium, how they justified their goals, how they met them or failed, and how they changed eastern Germany in the process. The Russians in Germany also takes us deep into the politics of culture as Naimark explores the ways in which Soviet officers used film, theater, and education to foster the Bolshevization of the zone.
Unique in its broad, comparative approach to the Soviet military government in Germany, this book fills in a missing--and ultimately fascinating--chapter in the history of modern Europe.« (Source: Harvard University Press)

Reviews:

Anonymous. The Virginia Quarterly Review: A National Journal of Literature and Discussion 72(2) (Spring 1996): S44. – Full Text: Literature Online (Restricted Access)

Berghahn, Volker R. The American Historical Review 102(2) (April 1997): 476. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Erickson, John. The International History Review 19(2) (May 1997): 432-434. – Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access), JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Fulbrook, Mary. The Slavonic and East European Review 76(1) (January 1998): 175-176. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Gross, Jan. Slavic Review: American Quarterly of Russian, Eurasian and East European Studies 56(3) (Autumn 1997): 572-573. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Jarausch, Konrad H. Central European History 29(1) (1996): 142-145. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Johnson, Daniel. »The zone.« New York Times Book Review (October 22, 1995): 18. – Full Text: New York Times (Free Access)

Karlsch, Rainer. Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 44(7) (July 1996): 660-662.

Laufer, Jochen. Deutschland Archiv. Zeitschrift für das vereinigte Deutschland 29(3) (1996): 475-478.

Luft, Herbert. History: Reviews of New Books 24(3) (1996): 129-130. – Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access),

Maier, Charles S. The Journal of Modern History 71(1) (March 1999): 266-269. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Major, Patrick. German History: The Journal of the German History Society 16(1) (February 1998): 134-135. – Full Text: Oxford Journals (Restricted Access)

Peter, Hartmut. Osteuropa. Zeitschrift für Gegenwartsfragen des Ostens 47(1) (January 1997): 97-98.

Peterson, Edward N. German Studies Review 19(3) (October 1996): 597-598. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Planton, Stanley. Library Journal 120(14) (September 1, 1995): 189-190. – Full Text: LibraryJournal.com (Restricted Access)

Pohl, Dieter. Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas 45(4) (1997): 666. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Remy, Steven P. H-German (May 1996). – Full Text: H-Net Reviews (Free Access)

Roberts, G.K. Political Studies: The Journal of the Political Studies Association of the United Kingdom 45(4) (September 1997): 793-795. – Full Text: Wiley Online Library (Restricted Access), IngentaConnect (Restricted Access)

Wehner, Markus. Ein Büchertagebuch. Buchbesprechungen aus der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung 30 (1996): 472-474.

Wentker, Hermann. Francia. Forschungen zur westeuropäischen Geschichte 24(3) (1997): 294-295. – Full Text: Münchener Digitalisierungszentrum (Free Access)

Translation: Naimark, Norman M. Die Russen in Deutschland. Die sowjetische Besatzungszone 1945 bis 1949. Berlin 1997.

Wikipedia: Wartime sexual violence: Rape during the occupation of Germany, Soviet war crimes, World War II


Added: February 1, 2003 – Last updated: December 6, 2014