Muravyeva 2014 Viol

Title Information

Author: Mariana Muravyeva – Translator: Geneviève Knibiehler

Title: « Ni pillage ni viol sans ordre préalable »

Subtitle: Codifier la guerre dans l’Europe moderne

Translation: “No rape and pillage without orders”: sex offences and early modern European armies

Journal: Clio: Femmes, Genre, Histoire

Volume: -

Issue: 39

Year: 2014

Pages: 55-81

ISSN: 1252-7017 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1777-5299 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: French

Keywords: Early Modern History | European History | Prosecution: Laws; Types: Wartime Rape

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Additional Information

Abstract: »The emergence of the nation state in early modern Europe was associated with firm policing of sexual behaviour and the creation of a close interdependence between permitted sexuality, procreation, and heterosexual marital union. European armies became experimental fields for the creation of model men and citizens; their sexuality was tightly controlled, and any deviation from the norm harshly punished. Military law, based on the school of natural law and the concept of a just war and military discipline, was the first to develop a systematic approach to sex offences, their hierarchies, and forms of punishment. As a result, European military codes and military courts prosecuted any sexual practices which deviated from the norm (interpreted as procreative marital heterosexual relations). This was one of the most important aspects of early modern development and the emergence of the nation state.« (Source: Clio)


  La “révolution militaire” dans le droit européen : vivre dans le respect des réglementations
  Réguler le comportement sexuel : réglementations et codes européens
  “Abstenez-vous de piller, d’établir des cantonnements dans les églises et de violer des femmes sans ordre préalable” : création d’une nouvelle (hétéro)normativité
    Sodomie et bestialité
    Fornication et prostitution

Wikipedia: War rape

Added: August 9, 2014 | Last updated: August 9, 2014