Added: October 1, 2016 – Last updated: October 1, 2016

TITLE INFORMATION


Author: Christopher W. Mullins

Title: Sexual Violence During Armed Conflict

Subtitle: -

In: The Palgrave Handbook of Criminology and War

Edited by: Ross McGarry and Sandra Walklate

Place: London

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Year: 2016

Pages: 117-131

ISBN-13: 9781137431691 (print) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9781137431707 (online) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | Types: Wartime Rape



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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


Author: Christopher Mullins, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Southern Illinois UniversityResearchGate

Abstracts:

»In Chap. 7, 'Sexual Violence During Armed Conflict', Christopher Mullins provides a discussion focussed upon the complexities of understanding the occurrence of sexual violence and rape during acts of war. Offering a critical narrative to the 'pressure cooker' hypothesis of why this type of violence occurs at war, the chapter is arranged across three key sections of 'types', 'theories' and 'prevention and punishment'. In doing so Mullins provides an international insight into the frequent use of sexual violence occurring in different contexts, including hypermasculinised military units, as expressions of dominance, a degradation of cultural identity and as experienced by both women and men during conflict and war. Like Alvarez (Chap. 6), within this chapter, Mullins offers an entry point for understanding the historical and international reach of sexual violence during armed conflicts whilst illustrating the limited understanding of this topic in the context of the criminology of war. This chapter advocates that there is much more research that needs to be done in this arena to strengthen how sexual violence at war is understood and how it can be prevented at the micro-, meso- and macro-levels of warfare.« (Ross McGarry and Sandra Walklate. »Introduction: The Criminology of War, What Is It Good For?« The Palgrave Handbook of Criminology and War. Edited by Ross McGarry et al. London 2016: 10)

»This chapter examines the nature of, and variation in, sexual violence and sexualized violence in armed conflicts. It presents a typology of forms the violence takes and examines various theoretical explanations for such acts, drawing heavily upon criminological and feminist theories to understand causative forces at the micro, meso, and macro levels. It draws upon historical accounts and materials from the archives of international courts and truth and reconciliation commissions.« (Source: SpringerLink)

Wikipedia: Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence