Mukarwego 2014 Viols

Title Information


Author: Athanasie Mukarwego

Title: Viols des femmes tutsi pendant le génocide

Subtitle: Témoignage de Mme Athanasie

In: Remembering Mass Violence: Oral History, New Media, and Performance

Edited by: Steven High, Edward Little, and Thi Ry Duong

Place: Toronto

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

Year: 2014

Pages: 277-281

ISBN-13: 9781442646803 (cloth) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9781442614659 (paper) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9781442666597 (ebook) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: French

Keywords: 20th Century | Rwandan History | Cases: Victims / Athanasie Mukarwego; Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide



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Additional Information


Abstract: »The gendered nature of crimes committed in Rwanda in 1994 is the subject of the following articles, written by a four-person team based mainly in Montreal's Rwandan community: Emmanuel Habimana, Carole Vacher, Berthe Kayitesi and Callixte Kabayiza. Their paper examines the use of rape by Hutu militia during the genocide, contextualizing the sadistic violence described in the public testimony of Madame Mukarwego. According to various sources, including African Rights and Human Rights Watch, more than 300,000 Tutsi women and girls as young as ten were raped during the genocide. Men and young boys were also raped. The authors characterize rape as a "rape of envy." Tutsi women were targeted because, for some, they had become a powerful symbol of privilege and physical beauty. Mass rape became a weapon of extermination. Those women who survived this trauma have faced public hostility and serious health issues (e.g., HIV). Yet these rapes have been met mainly by silence. "In reality, the scale of the rapes during the genocide remains unknown," they write. Madame Mukarwego's testimony challenges both silence and cultural taboos.« (Source: Steven High and Edward Little. »Introduction.« Remembering Mass Violence: Oral History, New Media, and Performance. Edited by Steven High et al. Toronto 2014: 24)

Reviews: Alexander, Sam. Oral History Forum d'histoire orale 34(Special Issue) (2014). – Full Text: Oral History Forum [Free Access]

Wikipedia: Genocidal rape: Rape during the Rwandan Genocide, Rwandan Genocide


Added: July 19, 2014 | Last updated: July 19, 2014