Morris 2013 Witnesses

Title Information


Author: Kara Morris

Title: "When elephants fight, it is the gras that is crushed"

Subtitle: A critical evaluation of the treatment of rape victim-witnesses by the International Criminal Court

Thesis: M.A. Thesis, University of Ottawa

Year: 2013

Pages: 209pp.

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | Prosecution: Trials - Types: Wartime Rape



Full Text


Link: ProQuest [Restricted Access]



Additional Information


Abstract: »This thesis explores whether the developments in international law, exemplified by the Rome Statutes’ codification of numerous sexually violent war crimes and crimes against humanity, as well as the rights and protections afforded to victims, have been implemented as intended with respect to the treatment of rape victim-witnesses appearing before the International Criminal Court. Through a deductive content analysis of the court transcripts from The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo case currently before the court, it was determined that, with a few notable exceptions, many of the central strategies previously identified in the literature as disqualifying, limiting and discrediting the testimonies of rape victim-witnesses appearing before the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, reemerged within the context of the International Criminal Court.« [Source: ProQuest]

Contents:

  Abstract (p. i)
  Acknowledgements (p. ii)
  1 - Introduction (p. 1)
  2 - War Rape and International Law (p. 5)
    2.1 War Rape (p. 5)
    2.2 - Historical Laws on War Rape (p. 6)
    2.3 - The International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda (p. 7)
      2.3.1 - International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (p. 9)
      2.3.2 - The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (p. 12)
    2.4 - Feminist Activisim and International Law (p. 15)
  3 - Feminist Jurisprudence and Feminist Legal Theory (p. 17)
    3.1 - Feminist Jurisprudence and International Feminist Legal Theory (p. 17)
      3.1.1 - Gender and Women (p. 21)
      3.1.2 - A Feminist Critque of Legal Rights (p. 23)
    3.2 - The Limitations of "Hearing" Victims within International War Crime Trials (p. 24()
      3.2.1 - Limited Testimony (p. 25)
      3.2.2 - Discredited Testimony (p. 29)
      3.2.3 - Disqualified Testimony (p. 38)
      3.2.4 - Therapeutic and Transformative Assumptions about Testimony and War Crime Trials (p. 41)
  4 - The Rome Statute and the International Criminal Court (p. 43)
    4.1 - The Rome Statute and "Gender Sensitive" Provisions (p. 47)
  5 - Methodology (p. 52)
    5.1 - Research Questionn (p. 53)
    5.2 - Data Source (p. 53)
    5.3 - Conceptualization of Central Themes (p. 55)
      5.3.1 - Concept Matrix (p. 58)
    5.4 - Coding Scheme and Process (p. 59)
    5.5 - Reliability and Trustworthiness (p. 61)
    5.6 - Reflexivity (p. 63)
    5.7 - Strengths and Limitations (p. 63)
    5.8 - Data Analysis Processes (p. 67)
  6 - Data Analysis and Discussion (p. 69)
    6.1 - Disqualified Testimony (p. 69)
      6.1.1 - Enforcement of Narrow Scripts (p. 69)
      6.1.2 - One Dominant Account of Conflict (p. 70)
      6.1.3 - One Dominant Narrative of Rape (p. 71)
      6.1.4 - Scripted Testimony (p. 76)
      6.1.5 - Active Disqualification of Alternative Accounts (p. 76)
      6.1.6 - Defence Tactics for Disqualified Testimony; the Presentation of Counter Narratives (p. 78)
      6.1.7 - Directed and Controlled Testimony (p. 81)
    6.2 - Limited Testimony (p. 84)
      6.2.1 - Fragmented Testimony (p. 85)
      6.2.2 - The Corporal, Temporal and Spatial (p. 91)
      6.2.3 - Unlimited Testimony and Narratives of Emotional and Social Consequences (p. 109)
    6.3 - Discredited Testimony (p. 114)
      6.3.1 - Inaccuracies and Discrepancies in Testimony (p. 114)
      6.3.2 - Strategies to Counter the Presence of Discrepancies and Inaccuracies (p. 125)
      6.3.3 - Corroboration (p. 128)
      6.3.4 - Consent and Active Resistance (p. 133)
      6.3.5 - Memory and Trauma (p. 140)
      6.3.6 - Gendered Position (p. 143)
      6.3.7 - Discredited Testimony Conclusion (p. 146)
  7 - Summary and Conclusion (p. 147)
    7.1 - Disqualified Testimony (p. 147)
    7.2 - Limited Testimony (p. 150)
    7.3 - Discredited Testimony (p. 152)
    7.4 - Conclusion (p. 156)
  Appendix I - The Rome Statute (p. 160)
  Appendix II - Case information (p. 175)
  Appendix III - Coding Sheets (p. 177)
    Limited Testimony (p. 177)
    Discredited Testimony (p. 182)
    Disqualified Testimony (p. 186)
  Bibliography (p. 192)

Added: October 19, 2013 | Last updated: December 21, 2013