Mikkelsen 2007 Lynching

Title Information

Author: Vincent Mikkelsen

Title: Coming from Battle to Face a War

Subtitle: The Lynching of Black Soldiers in the World War I Era

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, Florida State University

Year: 2007

Pages: viii + 242pp.

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | U.S. History | Cases: Offenders / Bud Johnson, Lucius McCarty; Offenders: Punishments / Lynching; Types: Attempted Rape, Interracial Rape

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Additional Information


»As Emmett J. Scott and W.E.B. Du Bois put aside their personal and political differences and advocated a call to arms to their black constituents, the United States quarreled with the question of how a militarily trained “negro” would shape and change the established view of white superiority. As violence swept across the United States many cities witnessed race riots and at the local level many African-Americans faced the terror of the noose as lynching prevailed as the common form of “justice.” Among those lynched were African-American soldiers. Even while still wearing their uniforms these soldiers were victims of shootings, beatings, and even burned alive.
This study will investigate the return of the African-American soldier; the violence unleashed on African-American soldiers; and finally, the emergence of a new mentality within the black community.« (Source: Thesis)


  Acknowledgements (p. iii)
  List of Tables (p. vii)
  Abstract (p. viii)
  Introduction (p. 1)
    The Addition of the Lynched Soldier to the General Historiography (p. 7)
    The Historian's Dilemma: the Dearth of Sources (p. 11)
  Chapter 1. Going to War (p. 24)
    Conscription and Vigilance (p. 32)
    Onto the Front (p. 44)
  Chapter 2. Coming Home (p. 59)
    The Federal Government's Policies Concerning the Return of Black Soldiers (p. 60)
    The Boys Come Home (p. 72)
    The South Rises Yet Again: White Backlash to Racial Equality (p. 84)
  Chapter 3. The Victims (p. 97)
    The Lynching of Charles Lewis (p. 99)
    The Burning of Bud Johnson (p. 110)
    Lynching in Mississippi and the role of James K. Vardaman (p. 121)
    The Lynch Mob moves to Arkansas (p. 129)
    Lynching in Louisiana: The Lucius McCarty Incident (p. 135)
    Discrepancies and a Lack of Information (p. 139)
  Chapter 4. The "Legal" Lynching of Sergeant Edgar Caldwell (p. 150)
    The Incident and trial (p. 151)
    The Role of the Federal Government (p. 158)
    The Finale (p. 174)
  Chapter 5. Fighting Back: Militance and Literature (p. 181)
    Mobilizing the Masses: Agency and Open Resistance (p. 183)
    Reports of Lynching: Reality or Entertainment? (p. 193)
    Ink: Lynching of Black Soldiers in Literature (p. 199)
  Conclusion (p. 212)
  Afterword (p. 221)
  Selected Bibliography (p. 234)
    Manuscript and Archive Collections (p. 234)
    Microfilm Collections (p. 234)
    Newspapers and Periodicals (p. 234)
    Secondary Sources (p. 236)
  Biographical Sketch (p. 242)

Wikipedia: Lynching

Added: May 31, 2014 | Last updated: May 31, 2014