Added: April 2, 2016 – Last updated: April 2, 2016


Author: Katharine McGregor

Title: Emotions and activism for former so-called “comfort women” of the Japanese Occupation of the Netherlands East Indies

Subtitle: -

Journal: Women's Studies International Forum

Volume: 54


Year: January-February 2016 (Published online: January 7, 2016)

Pages: 67-78

ISSN: 0277-5395 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | Asian History: Indonesian History, Japanese History | Types: Forced Prostitution / "Comfort Women"; Types: Wartime Rape / Asia-Pacific War


Link: ScienceDirect (Restricted Access)


Author: Katharine McGregor, School of Historical and Philosophical Studies, University of Melbourne

Abstract: »This paper begins to chart the history of the understudied topic of Indonesian activism for the so called ‘comfort women’ of the Japanese military from World War Two. It asks how and why activists in the specific historical context of New Order Indonesia, the cultural context of Indonesia, the global rise in human rights claims and a new openness to war redress in Japan were variously constrained and enabled in their advocacy. Drawing on recent research into the history of emotions and social movements the paper analyses how and why Indonesian activists appealed to certain emotions to gain support within Indonesia and Japan for compensation. A focus on emotions and the political and cultural contexts surrounding early Indonesian activism allows us to better understand the local framing, reception and outcomes of this global protest movement in Indonesia.« (Source: Women's Studies International Forum)


  Introduction (p. 67)
  Using emotions as a way to analyse the efficacy of activism (p. 68)
  The 'comfort women' in the Netherlands East Indies and Indonesian views about the occupation and survivors of the system (p. 68)
  The beginnings of transnational activism and Indonesian responses (p. 69)
  Early Indonesian activism through the legal aid institue (p. 71)
  The Ex-Heiho communication forum's international advocacy for the 'comfort women' (p. 72)
  Demands ignored: the Indonesian government and the Asian women's fund (p. 74)
  Conclusions (p. 76)
  Acknowledgements (p. 77)
  Endnotes (p. 77)
  References (p. 77)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Indonesia, History of Japan / Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Pacific War / Japanese war crimes