Added: October 1, 2016 – Last updated: October 1, 2016


Author: Katharine McGregor

Title: Transnational and Japanese Activism on Behalf of Indonesian and Dutch Victims of Enforced Military Prostitution During World War II

Subtitle: -

Journal: The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus

Volume: 14

Issue: 16

Year: August 2016

Pages: 21 pages

eISSN: 1557-4660 – Find a Library: Open Access Journal

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | Asian History: Indonesian History, Japanese History | European History: Dutch History | Types: Forced Prostitution / "Comfort Women"; Types: Wartime Rape / Asia-Pacific War


Links: (Free Access)

Asia-Pacific Journal (Free Access)


Author: Kate McGregor, School of Historical and Philosophical Studies, University of

Abstract: »This article considers the experiences of Dutch and Indonesian women in enforced prostitution for the Japanese military during World War Two and the activism of prominent survivors and their supporters from the 1990s. It highlights how and why Japanese activists have continued to support these women and why Dutch and Indonesian women have rarely engaged in joint activism. It analyses how Dutch and Indonesian women’s stories are presented together in a 2015-2016 exhibition at the Women’s Active Museum on War and Peace in Tokyo and how women’s and soldiers’ testimonies are used to advocate further redress from the Japanese government and to challenge military sexual violence against women. The article assesses how a sustained focus in transnational activism on Japanese responsibility and the Japanese imperial context potentially leads to overlooking how localised forms of patriarchy and the specific context of this former Dutch colony affected women’s experiences and their post war treatment.« (Source: Asia-Pacific Journal)


  Article Summary (p. 1)
  The Context of the system in the Netherlands East Indies (p. 1)
  Bringing Indonesian and Dutch Women Together Japanese Activism and Transnational Solidarity (p. 8)
  Memories in Conflict: Survivor and Soldier Testimony (p. 12)
  Conclusions (p. 15)
  Notes (p. 15)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Indonesia / Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies; History of Japan / Shōwa period | History of Europe: History of the Netherlands / Netherlands in World War II | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | War: Pacific War / Japanese war crimes