Marks 2013 Violence

Title Information


Author: Zoe Marks

Title: Sexual Violence Inside Rebellion

Subtitle: Policies and Perspectives of the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone

Journal: Civil Wars

Volume: 15

Issue: 3

Year: 2013

Pages: 359-379

ISSN: 1369-8249 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1743-968X – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | Sierra Leonean History | Types: Wartime Rape / Sierra Leone Civil War



Full Text


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Additional Information


Abstract: »Contemporary understandings of rape in wartime emphasise its strategic deployment as a weapon of war. One of the most prominent cases in the discourse has been the Sierra Leone Civil War and its Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebel group. This article complements the existing literature by examining war-related sexual violence from within the rebel group itself, exploring how sexual violence was used and understood by fighters. Counter-intuitive to received wisdom that the RUF instrumentalised rape systematically, extensive interview and archival material show that there were harshly inculcated, but ultimately ineffective policies aimed at preventing rape. These laws were central to the RUF's attempts to manage organisational control and cohesion. This calls for revisiting and revising the ‘rape as a weapon of war’ framework if it is to have explanatory power for the causes and mechanisms of gender violence in war.« [Source: Civil Wars]

Wikipedia: Revolutionary United Front, Sierra Leone Civil War


Added: November 16, 2013 | Last updated: November 16, 2013