Lobell 2006 Abuse

Title Information

Author: Thea Lobell

Title: Predictors of Reported Elder Sexual Abuse

Subtitle: Analyses of Wisconsin's Adult Protective Services Report Data, 1988-2003

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, Florida State University

Year: 2006

Pages: ix + 162pp.

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | U.S. History | Types: Elder Sexual Abuse; Victims: Dementia

Full Text

Link: DigiNole Commons [Free Access]

Additional Information

Author: Author's Personal Website

Abstract: »Despite the growing interest and research on sexual violence, the topic of elder sexual abuse has received minimal attention in the literature. The data used in this study are from reports of substantiated elder abuse in Wisconsin between 1988 and 2003. This study examines the influence of a variety of predictor variables upon the likelihood of a case being identified as elder sexual abuse, where other forms of abuse may occur, as contrasted against those cases where elder abuse was substantiated but no sexual abuse occurred. This study utilizes a case-control forward stepwise logistic regression to develop a final parsimonious model. The presence of material abuse and/or self-neglect decrease the likelihood of a case being identified as elder sexual abuse. Findings suggest that women are more likely than men to be victims of elder sexual abuse. Social workers are often in a position to identify elder victims of abuse due to their work in hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities, and private homes. Social work education should include information on elder abuse, highlighting elder sexual abuse. When conducting an adult protective services assessment, information should be gathered from every client concerning the possibility of elder sexual abuse.« (Source: Thesis)


  List of Tables (p. vii)
  Abstract (p. ix)
  1. Introduction (p. 1)
    Statement of the Problem (p. 1)
    Focus of the Study (p. 3)
      Delimitations (p. 4)
    Relevance to Social Work (p. 6)
  2. Review of the Literature (p. 9)
    Elder Issues (p. 9)
    Elder Abuse (p. 10)
      Incidence and Prevalence (p. 11)
      Types of Abuse (p. 13)
      Correlates with Elder Abuse (p. 13)
    Elder Sexual Abuse (p. 15)
      Overview (p. 15)
      Historical Literature Review (p. 22)
    Literature Categorization and Critique (p. 45)
    Studies Using Wisconsin's Adult Protective Services Report Data (p. 48)
    Directions for Future Elder Sexual Abuse Research (p. 49)
  3. Methodology (p. 51)
    Research Design (p. 51)
    Date Collection (p. 52)
    Human Subjects Exemption (p. 54)
    Operationalization and Coding of Variables (p. 55)
      Dependent Variable: Substantiated Elder Sexual Abuse (p. 55)
      Independent Variable: Alzheimer's Related Dementia (p. 56)
      Independent Variable: Substance Abuse (p. 58)
      Independent Variable: Physical Abuse (p. 59)
      Independent Variable: Neglect (p. 60)
      Independent Variable: Material Abuse (p. 60)
      Independent Variable: Self-Neglect (p. 61)
      Independent Variable: Emotional Abuse (p. 61)
      Coding of Variables (p. 62)
      Hypotheses (p. 62)
    Selection of a Statistical Test (p. 63)
    Participants (p. 65)
    Introduction to Logistic Regression (p. 66)
      Logistic Regression and Linear Regression Compared (p. 67)
      Estimation Procedure (p. 70)
      Statistical Procedure Diagnostics and Modeling (p. 70)
  4. Results (p. 72)
    Description of the Population (p. 72)
    Characteristics of the Sample (p. 78)
    Sample Size Assessment (p. 82)
    Statistical Procedure Diagnostics (p. 83)
    Parsimonious Model Development (p. 85)
      Frequency Distribution (p. 86)
      Parsimonious Model Criteria (p. 86)
      Model Development (p. 87)
      Assessment of Model Fit (p. 97)
  5. Discussion and Conclusion (p. 99)
    Introduction (p. 99)
    Interpretations of the Statistical Analysis (p. 100)
      Study Sample (p. 100)
      Research Hypothesis Relating to Victim's Alzheimer's Status (p. 101)
      Research Hypothesis Relating to Abuser's Substance Abuse (p. 102)
      Research Hypothesis Relating to Physical Abuse (p. 103)
      Research Hypothesis Relating to Neglect (p. 103)
      Research Hypothesis Relating to Material Abuse (p. 104)
      Research Hypothesis Relating to Self-Neglect (p. 105)
      Research Hypothesis Relating to Emotional Abuse (p. 106)
      Summary of Hypothesis Testing (p. 106)
      Sex (p. 107)
    Limitations of the Study (p. 108)
    Recommendations for Future Research (p. 110)
    Implications for Social Work Practice and Research (p. 111)
  Appendix A: Article Categorization (p. 114)
  Appendix B: Empiricism Subcategory Classification (p. 116)
  Appendix C: Critical Review of Quantitative Articles (p. 118)
  Appendix D: Critical Review of Secondary Analysis Articles (p. 129)
  Appendix E: Critical Review of Qualitative Articles (p. 132)
  Appendix F: Elder Abuse and Neglect Report Form (p. 135)
  Appendix G: Human Subjects Approval Memorandum (p. 138)
  Appendix H: Wisconsin Database Secondary Data Analysis Approval (p. 140)
  Appendix I: Post-Hoc Analyses (p. 142)
  References (p. 145)
  Biographical Sketch (p. 162)

Added: May 31, 2014 | Last updated: May 31, 2014