Leiby 2009 Archives

Title Information

Author: Michele Leiby

Title: Digging in the Archives

Subtitle: The Promise and Perils of Documents

Journal: Politics & Society

Volume: 37

Issue: 1

Year: March 2009

Pages: 75-99

ISSN: 0032-3292 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1552-7514 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | Peruvian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Internal Conflict in Peru

Full Text

Link: SAGE Journals (Restricted Access)

Additional Information

Author: Michele Leiby, Department of Political Science, College of WoosterAuthor's Personal Website

Abstract: »This article explores the methodological obstacles to research on wartime sexual violence and the extent to which they can be overcome with archival research. It discusses issues of concept formation, counting victims of human rights abuse, and coding violations. It compares figures from the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission's final report, an analysis of the Commission's published materials, and an analysis of the primary documents and finds that (1) the number of reported cases of sexual violence is significantly higher than the 538 cited by the Commission, (2) men were more often the targets of sexual violence than previously thought, and (3) sexual humiliation and sexual torture were common practices during the war.« (Source: Politics & Society)


  Introduction (p. 76)
    Manchay Tiempo (Time of Fear): The Peruvian Civil War and Political Violence, 1980-2000 (p. 76)
    Confronting the Past: The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (p. 77)
  Methodological Obstacles to Studies of Wartime Sexual Violence (p. 80)
    Victim Underreporting (p. 80)
    What Is Sexual Violence: Legal Statutes and Social Norms (p. 81)
    Building on International Human Rights Norms to Create Analytical Concepts (p. 83)
  What Counts: Estimating the Number of Sexual Violence Victims (p. 86)
    Prioritization of Human Rights Violations (p. 88)
    Linguistics and Cultural Variation in Victim Reporting (p. 89)
  Conclusion (p. 91)
  Appendix: Guide to the Archives of the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (p. 93)
  Notes (p. 94)

Translation: Leiby, Michele. »Documentando la Violencia Sexual en los Conflictos Armados: El Caso Peruano.« Memoria No. 14 / Dossier (2014).

Wikipedia: Wartime sexual violence: Internal conflict in Peru

Added: February 7, 2015 – Last updated: February 7, 2015