Lakhani 2014 Violence

Title Information

Authors: Sadaf Lakhani and Alys M. Willman

Title: Trends in Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea

Subtitle: -

Place: Washington, DC

Publisher: World Bank Group

Year: May 2014

Pages: v + 28pp.

Series: Research and Dialogue Series No. 1

Language: English

Keywords: 21st Century | Papua New Guinean History

Full Text

Link: World Bank [Free Access]

Additional Information

Abstract: »Crime and violence are widely viewed as posing a considerable challenge to development in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The full scale of crime and violence in PNG is difficult to assess, given the scarcity of national-level studies and a distinct urban bias in the available studies. Yet various commentators and surveys estimate that violence victimization rates in PNG are among the highest in the world. This briefing note presents some preliminary findings regarding the prevalence of crime and violence in PNG. It was prepared as part of a broader study to understand the socioeconomic costs of crime and violence to businesses, government agencies, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and households in PNG. The different data sources reviewed and the most significant challenges with the data available are noted in Annex 1. The challenges in partial data and questions concerning the methodology used for collecting and collating some of the data sets and data integrity call for some caution in interpreting the findings, in particular making generalizations about the wide diversity of provincial experiences on the basis of geographically limited data sets.« (Source: World Bank)


  Acknowledgements (p. v)
  I. Introduction (p. 1)
  II. Homicides appear to be stabilizing, with broad variation across provinces (p. 2)
  III. Overall rates of crime and violence also appear to have stabilized, but again there is important variation between provinces and towns (p. 5)
  IV. Crime and violence are concentrated in particular 'hot spots' (p. 7)
  V. The types of crime and violence experienced vary significantly by region and by gender (p. 9)
  VI. Men and women experience crime and violence differently, with gender-based violence the most common form of crime experienced by women (p. 10)
  VII. A large proportion of criminal activity involves violence, and this appears to be increasing in certain areas (p. 11)
  VIII. The use of firearms in violent crime is increasing (p. 14)
  IX. Little is known about perpetrators of crime and violence, other than that they tend to be male, and known to their victims (p. 16)
  X. Arrest rates have remained consistent and low, even in years when reported crimes have decreased (p. 17)
  XI. Conclusion (p. 19)
    Summary of findings (p. 19)
    Gaps in data and knowledge (p. 20)
  Works cited (p. 21)
  Annex 1: Data on crime and violence (p. 24)
    1. Data sources and gaps (p. 24)
    2. Challenges in classification of crime (p. 26)

Added: August 2, 2014 | Last updated: August 2, 2014