Kuwert 2014 Violence

Title Information


Authors: Philipp Kuwert, Heide Glaesmer, Svenja Eichhorn, Elena Grundke, Robert H. Pietrzak, Harald J. Freyberger, and Thomas Klauer

Title: Long-Term Effects of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence Compared with Non-Sexual War Trauma in Female World War II Survivors

Subtitle: A Matched Pairs Study

Journal: Archives of Sexual Behavior

Volume: Online before Print

Issue:

Year: March 2014

Pages: 6 pages

ISSN: 0004-0002 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1573-2800 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | German History, Polish History, Russian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Second World War; Victims: Trauma



Full Text


Link: SpringerLink [Restricted Access]



Additional Information


Authors:

Svenja Eichhorn, Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig

Harald J. Freyberger, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsmedizin GreifswaldWikipedia

Heide Glaesmer, Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig

Elena Grundke, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald

Thomas Klauer, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald

Philipp Kuwert, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald

Robert H. Pietrzak, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University

Abstract: »The aim of the study was to compare the long-term effects of conflict-related sexual violence experienced at the end of World War II (WWII) with non-sexual WWII trauma (e.g., being exposed to shell shock or physical violence). A total of 27 elderly wartime rape survivors were compared to age- and gender-matched control subjects who were drawn from a larger sample of subjects over 70 years of age who had experienced WWII-related trauma. A modified version of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale was used to assess trauma characteristics and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 was used to assess current psychopathology. Additionally, measures of posttraumatic growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory) and social acknowledgement as a trauma survivor (Social Acknowledgement Questionnaire) were used to assess two mediating variables in post-trauma conditions of rape victims. Women exposed to conflict-related sexual violence reported greater severity of PTSD-related avoidance and hyperarousal symptoms, as well as anxiety, compared with female long-term survivors of non-sexual WWII trauma. The vast majority (80.9 %) of these women also reported severe sexual problems during their lifetimes relative to 19.0 % of women who experienced non-sexual war trauma. Women exposed to conflict-related sexual violence also reported greater posttraumatic growth, but less social acknowledgement as trauma survivors, compared to survivors of non-sexual war trauma. The results were consistent with emerging neurobiological research, which suggests that different traumas may be differentially associated with long-term posttraumatic sequelae in sexual assault survivors than in other survivor groups and highlights the need to treat (or better prevent) deleterious effects of conflict-related sexual violence in current worldwide crisis zones.« [Source: Archives of Sexual Behavior]

Contents:

  Introduction
  Method
    Participants
    Measures
      Traumatic Events and Psychopathology
      Psychological Symptoms
      Posttraumatic Growth
      Social Acknowledgement
    Data Analysis
  Results
    Posttraumatic Stress, Other Psychopathology, Posttraumatic Growth, and Social Acknowledgment
    Sexual Functioning
  Discussion
  References

Wikipedia: Soviet war crimes, War rape, World War II


Added: March 15, 2014 | Last updated: March 15, 2014