Added: March 4, 2017 – Last updated: March 4, 2017


Authors: Kyongpyo Ko and Iljoong Kim

Title: 한국의 성폭력범죄와 여성피해자화

Subtitle: 패널추정기법을 이용한 분석

Translation: Sexual Crimes and Female Victimization in Korea: An Empirical Investigation Utilizing the Panel Estimation Method

Journal: Han'guk kyŏngje yŏn'gu (Journal of Korean Economic Studies)

Volume: 34

Issue: 3

Year: 2016

Pages: 5-41

ISSN: 1598-2742 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: Korean

Keywords: Modern History: 21st Century | Asian History: Korean History | Prosecution: Statistics


Links DBpia (Restricted Access)


Abstract: »Sexual crimes have increased rapidly in Korea. This paper is the first empirical analysis in Korea to identify major determinants of the occurrence of sexual crimes, which extensively utilizes a panel dataset at the metropolitan level from 2000 to 2013. The panel estimation method allows us to control for unobserved heterogeneity across regions and time-related fixed effects. The paper particularly was motivated from an observation that victimization rates are also increasing not only among young females but also among very old-aged female cohorts. The current study was further motivated by the fact that the economics of crime literature tends to be offender-centered. meaning that the main focus of researchers was related with the criminal incentives of potential offenders. However, many theoretical and empirical arguments have accumulated in other fields that support the view that victim-related characteristics are critical for the incidence of crimes because of their impacts on the opportunity for the offenders. Thus, we have attempted to encompass the critical aspects both of offenders and victims that are believed to provide explanatory power for the surge of sexual crimes in Korea. Specifically, we have included, as major explanatory variables in the empirical estimation, various proxies for law enforcement, labor market conditions, and the core characteristics especially of female population. The most intriguing discovery from our empirical analyses, among many others, is that the incentives to commit sexual offenses were shown to be affected sensitively by victim characteristics. Also, the general trend of aging in Korea was suggested to be at least an important reason for the bi-modal age distribution of female victims. We have also obtained a strong statistical association, across regions, between alcohol consumption and sexual crimes. Finally, we have confirmed that labor market characteristics such as income and employment rates do affect the incidence of sexual crimes, and that they are exerting differentiating effects by gender.« (Source: DBpia)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Korea | Statistics: Crime statistics