Added: August 5, 2017 – Last updated: August 5, 2017


Authors: Ji Young Kim and Jeyong Sohn

Title: Settlement Without Consensus

Subtitle: International Pressure, Domestic Backlash, and the Comfort Women Issue in Japan

Journal: Pacific Affairs

Volume: 90

Issue: 1

Year: March 2017

Pages: 77-99

ISSN: 0030-851X – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1715-3379 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | Asian History: Japanese History | Types: Forced Prostitution / "Comfort Women"; Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / Asia-Pacific War


Link: Ingenta Connect (Restricted Access)


Abstract: »What has shaped contemporary discourse on Japan's comfort women issue? During the last twenty-five years, civic groups in both Japan and South Korea have made significant efforts to publicize the issue within the international community, hoping to narrow the disparity between the position of the international community and that of the Japanese government. Thus far, however, Japan's official position has shown little change. Why has international pressure on Japan failed? By focusing on the relationship between international pressure and the formation of Japan's discourse on the comfort women issue, this paper shows how outside pressure led to a domestic backlash among conservatives in Japan, resulting in the failure to institutionalize apologetic discourse within Japanese society. This study will provide important insights on how democratic countries can sometimes resist strong external pressure to conform to international norms.« (Source: Pacific Affairs)


  Abstract (p. 77)
  Introduction (p. 77)
  Locked into the Tactical Concession Phase: Domestic Backlash since the Early 1990s (p. 84)
    Beginning of Backlash: UN Commission on Human Rights Coomaraswamy Report of 1996 (p. 85)
    Backlash Intensified: The US House of Representatives Resolution 121 in 2007 (p. 89)
    Consolidation of Backlash: The Period of the “History Wars” (p. 92)
  Conclusions: Locked in the “Tactical Concession” Phase (p. 97)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Japan | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence | War: Pacific War / Japanese war crimes