Kantengwa 2014 Motherhood

Title Information

Author: Odeth Kantengwa

Title: How Motherhood Triumphs over Traumahood among mothers with children from Genocidal Rape in Rwanda

Subtitle: -

Place: Maastricht

Publisher: Maastricht School of Management

Year: January 31, 2014

Pages: vi + 34pp.

Series: Maastricht School of Management Working Paper No. 2014/03

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | Rwandan History | Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide; Victims: Rape Children

Full Text

Link: Maastricht School of Management [Free Access]

Additional Information

Abstract: »Rape is considered to be a common occurrence during genocide and the children born as a result of rape pose a challenge to post-genocide recovery processes. This paper places mothers of children born as a result of genocidal rape during the Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsi to be a separate category of victims and explores the contribution of a positive embrace of motherhood to their recovery. It is based upon a study that included fourteen (14) women from Kigali city, Karongi District in the western province and Huye District in the southern province of Rwanda. Qualitative analysis of individual interviews and focus groups provided a means to explore in-depth the perceptions of mothers and the value of motherhood. It was found that mothers of children of rape experienced challenges raising their children, especially in the early stages of parenting. Social stigma related to rape and children born of rape created challenges as did the lack of psychosocial resources for the women, particularly when faced with disclosing paternity to the children. However, despite these and other difficulties, motherhood played a positive role for many women, often providing a reason to live again after the genocide. These findings show that positive experiences of motherhood can be key to the recovery of survivors of genocidal rape in Rwanda and points to future directions for research and health promotion among populations affected by conflict-related sexual violence.« [Source: ]


  Acronyms (p. iii)
  Acknowledgements (p. iv)
  Abstract (p. v)
  1. Introduction (p. 1)
    Research problem (p. 2)
    Organization of the paper (p. 5)
  2. Theoretical Framework (p. 6)
    Rape during genocide (p. 6)
    The challenge of prolonged PTSD, stigma, and disclosure among rape survivors (p. 7)
    Ethnohistory of Motherhood in Rwanda (p. 9)
    Motherhood in post genocide Rwanda (p. 10)
  3. Research methodology (p. 11)
    Research strategy (p. 11)
    Selection criteria (p. 11)
    Data collection methods (p. 12)
    Qualitative data analysis (p. 13)
    Respondents (p. 14)
  4. Presentation of findings (p. 17)
    Mothers' perception of their children (p. 17)
    Mothering the little baby (p. 17)
    Struggling with early childhood (p. 18)
    Navigating through a pool of disclosure - the challenge of early adulthood stage (p. 20)
      Motivations for disclosure (p. 20)
      Benefits of disclosure (p. 21)
      Challenges of disclosure (p. 22)
    Motherhood, the major reason for mothers living after genocide (p. 24)
  5. Discussion of findings (p. 26)
    Perceptions of children born of rape (p. 26)
    Coming to terms with disclosure challenges through motherhood (p. 28)
  6. Conclusions and recommendations (p. 30)
  References (p. 32)

Wikipedia: Genocidal rape, Pregnancy from rape, Rape during the Rwandan Genocide, Rwandan Genocide

Added: February 15, 2014 | Last updated: February 15, 2014