Added: June 29, 2013 – Last updated: September 5, 2015


Author: Jake J. Jones

Title: Pre-Biblical and Old Testament Rape Law Parallels

Subtitle: Recurring Androcentric Themes in Historic Biblical Text

Thesis: M.A. Thesis, Rutgers-The States University of New Jersey

Advisor: Kenneth Banner

Year: May 2013

Pages: iii + 29pp.

OCLC Number: 856054214 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Ancient Near East | Prosecution: Laws; Representations: Bible


Link: Graduate Liberal Studies Program, Rutgers University (Free Access)

Link: RUcore: Rutgers University Community Repository (Free Access)


Abstract: »Rape legislation in ancient Near Eastern texts is very slanted in respect to a pervasive androcentric ideology that drives the punitive outcomes. Unfortunately, evidence shows the lives of women in terms of their perceived societal value are affected (often negatively) in regard to their social status; regardless of region or period. Women did not wield much social power in ancient times and the laws demonstrate resolutions for prescribed transgressions that neglected to include any consideration for the viewpoint of women; who were the primary victims of the rape offense. As a result, women suffered and were historically antagonized by the these laws which failed to protect them. This research will illuminate the disparities by examining the laws in various regions of the period and challenge the underlying themes.« (Source: Thesis)


  Abstract (p. ii)
  Analysis of Ancient Near Eastern Rape Laws (p. 1)
  Laws of The Old Testament (p. 2)
  Rationale that formed Ancient Rape Legislation (p. 3)
  Punitive outcomes of Rape Legislation in The Old Testament (p. 4)
  Punitive outcomes of Rape Legislation in The Near East (p. 5)
  Sumerian Texts Analysis (p. 7)
  Rape Criteria (p. 9)
  Penalties for Rape (p. 12)
  Women treated as Property (p. 13)
  Laws Governing the use of forced Sexual Violence against Women (p. 15)
  Laws Governing Incestuous Rape (p. 17)
  Adultery Law Analysis (p. 18)
  Bibliography (p. 28)

Wikipedia: Hebrew Bible: Crime and punishment in the Bible