Added: August 5, 2017 – Last updated: August 5, 2017


Authors: Karin Johansson and Mehwish Sarwari

Title: Sexual violence and biased military interventions in civil conflict

Subtitle: -

Journal: Conflict Management and Peace Science

Volume: Published online before print


Year: 2017 (Published online: February 1, 2017)


ISSN: 0738-8942 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1549-9219 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence


Link: SAGE Publications (Restricted Access)



Karin Johansson, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala universitet (Uppsala University)

Mehwish Sarwari, Department of Political Science, Buffalo State, The State University of New York – ResearchGate

Abstract: »What is the impact of foreign troop support on combatant-perpetrated sexual violence against civilians? We hypothesize that biased troop support increases the risk of sexual violence by the subordinate party both as a consequence of strategic considerations and as a product of a situation increasingly conducive to opportunistic behavior. Time-series cross-section analyses of all civil wars during 1989–2012 are largely supportive of our expectation. Rebel groups are more likely to perpetrate sexual violence the more troop support the state receives. Likewise, state forces are more prone to commit sexual violence the more they are challenged by troops supporting the rebel group(s).« (Source: Conflict Management and Peace Science)

Wikipedia: Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence | War: Civil war