Added: January 2, 2016 – Last updated: January 2, 2016


Authors: Jochen Hardt and Sven Olaf Hoffmann

Title: Kindheit im Wandel

Subtitle: Teil II: Moderne bis heute

Translation: Childhood in flux – Part II: Modern times until today

Journal: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie

Volume: 55

Issue: 4

Year: 2006

Pages: 280-292

ISSN: 0032-7034 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 2196-8225 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: German

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | Types: Child Sexual Abuse


Link: PsyDok: Open Access Repository for Psychology (Free Access)



Jochen Hardt, Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Sven Olaf Hoffmann: Wikipedia

Abstract: »At the end of the 19th century, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was founded in New York, after a barbarous case of neglect and abuse of a girl became public. From then on, children received more and more protection. Only in the 1950s were doctors in the USA bound by law to report cases of putative physical abuse to officials. In Sweden, physical punishment of children has been forbidden since 1989, and in Germany since 2001. The existence of sexual abuse of children had been a taboo subject for centuries, even though individual attempts to break that taboo were made – e. g., by S. Freud in the theory of seduction (Verführungstheorie). Only with the birth of the women’s liberation movement in the early 1970s has public awareness arisen. Due to the work of J. Bowlby in the 1950s, it became clear that children of primates need more than air, water and food, namely a relationship between the child and an adult person (attachment). To what degree the basic needs of children are being fulfilled in Western societies today is still a controversial issue.« (Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie)


  Summary (p. 280)
  Zusammenfassung (p. 280)
  1 Erste Schritte zum Schutz von Kindern in der Modern (p. 281)
    1.1 Der Einfluss Sigmund Freuds (p. 282)
    1.2 Die Bedeutung früher emotionaler Beziehungen und Bindungen (p. 283)
    1.3 Körperliche Misshandlung (p. 284)
    1.4 Sexueller Missbrauch (p. 284)
  2 Kindheit heute (p. 285)
    2.1 Sexueller Missbrauch (p. 285)
    2.2 Körperliche Misshandlung (p. 286)
    2.3 Materielle Vernachlässigung (p. 287)
    2.4 Emotionale Vernachlässigung (p. 287)
    2.5 Protektive Faktoren und Resilienz (p. 288)
  3 Kindheit morgen? (p. 288)
  Literatur (p. 290)

Note: Hardt, Jochen, et al. »Kindheit im Wandel. Teil I: Antike bis zur Neuzeit.« Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie 55 (2006): 271-279.

Wikipedia: Types of rape: Child sexual abuse