Added: January 2, 2016 – Last updated: January 2, 2016


Authors: Jochen Hardt and Sven Olaf Hoffmann

Title: Kindheit im Wandel

Subtitle: Teil I: Antike bis zur Neuzeit

Translation: Childhood in flux – Part I: Ancient world until modern times

Journal: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie

Volume: 55

Issue: 4

Year: 2006

Pages: 271-279

ISSN: 0032-7034 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 2196-8225 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: German

Keywords: Ancient History, Medieval History | Types: Child Sexual Abuse


Link: PsyDok: Open Access Repository for Psychology (Free Access)



Jochen Hardt, Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Sven Olaf Hoffmann: Wikipedia

Abstract: »Scientific research on childhood constitutes a relatively new field. As we know today, there is no other period in our lives that more strongly forms us and our culture. Hence, it is surprising that in the past this viewpoint was completely different. Until medieval times, a child’s life did not count for much, that is, as long as the child was not the beneficiary of an inheritance. And even if so, social relationships were businesslike, e. g. concerning marriage. J.-J. Rousseau (1712 – 1778) demonstrated the worthlessness of children even in his recognition of them: The nature of humans is neither good nor bad, and is hardly different from that of animals. Despite Rousseau’s idealistic concept of education as a kind of identification process for the child, he put his own five children into the foundling hospital of Paris; he was bothered by them when writing. Up to the beginning of the 19th century, the value of a child was determined by his or her ability to work. In the years 1813 to 1814 in Great Britain, 130,000 out of 213,000 weavers were children under the age of 14. Children had to take part in breadwinning at an early age; their character was regarded as being like that of an immature adult (i. e., a small barbarian). Specific childlike needs were rarely met or even acknowledged by adults.« (Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie)


  Summary (p. 271)
  Zusammenfassung (p. 271)
  1 Kindestötung, -verstümmelung, -verkauf, -aussetzung (p. 272)
  2 Kindessterblichkeit (p. 273)
  3 Kinderarbeit, Lernen und Schule (p. 274)
  4 Aufwachsen im Mittelalter (p. 276)
  5 Körperliche Misshandlung und sexueller Missbrauch (p. 277)
  6 Emotionale Geborgenheit (p. 278)
  Literatur (p. 279)

Note: Hardt, Jochen, et al. »Kindheit im Wandel. Teil II: Moderne bis heute.« Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie 55 (2006): 280-292.

Wikipedia: Types of rape: Child sexual abuse