Gorislavsky 2014 Victimization

Title Information


Author: Ekaterina Gorislavsky

Title: Racial-Ethnic Differences in Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization

Subtitle: A Pooled Analysis of NCVS Data, 1994-2010

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, University of Missouri at St. Louis

Year: May 2014

Pages: 202pp.

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | U.S. History | Prosecution: Statistics



Full Text


Link: ProQuest (Restricted Access)



Additional Information


Abstract:

»There are only a handful of studies of racial and ethnic differences in rape victimization at the national level, and many important questions remain unanswered. The current study responds to existing gaps in knowledge and uses pooled data from the National Crime Victimization Survey for 1994-2010 to answer the following five research questions for the three mutually exclusive racial-ethnic subcategories of women in the United States, including Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic/Latina females: 1) What is the general productivity of NCVS screener questions relevant with respect to rape and sexual assault? 2) Do females from some racial-ethnic categories need more cues to volunteer information on rape/sexual assault experiences relative to women from other racial-ethnic categories? 3) Are there racial-ethnic differences in the distribution of rape and sexual assault by race and ethnicity and in the way certain characteristics of rape/sexual assault incidents are distributed between the three racial-ethnic categories (including the ratios of completed and attempted rape and sexual assault, repeat and series sexual victimization, injury or serious injury, the presence of a weapon, and victim-offender relationship)? 4) Is membership in a certain racial-ethnic group a significant predictor for the risk of the rape/sexual assault victimization, and in what ways is this relationship affected by such factors, as place of residence, marital status, age, poverty, and other violent victimization? 5) Are there racial-ethnic differences in the effects and effect patterns of the named sociodemographic variables on the risk of rape/sexual assault victimization?
The findings indicate that race and ethnicity is an important predictor for sexual victimization, and there are meaningful racial-ethnic differences in the effects of the predictor factors on the risk of rape and sexual assault. The contextual factors mediate some of the racial-ethnic differences in sexual victimization, and the underlying mechanisms are explained. White females show highest levels of risk compared to Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic/Latina women, when the sociodemographic factors are controlled for. However, even controlling for the aforementioned factors, racial-ethnic categories still remain statistically significant. This means there are additional effects, not measured by included predictors. Theoretical, policy and methodological implications are addressed.« (Source: Thesis)

Contents:

  Abstract (p. i)
  List of Tables (p. v)
  Acknowledgements (p. viii)
  Introduction (p. 1)
  Chapter 1: The Study of Rape and Sexual Assault (p. 5)
    Defining Rape and Sexual Assault (p. 6)
    Methodological Issues (p. 11)
    Sources of National Statistics on Prevalence/Incidence of Rape and Sexual Assault (p. 22)
    Summary and Conclusions (p. 32)
  Chapter 2: Theory and Hypotheses (p. 34)
    Theories of Victimization (p. 34)
    Empirically Supported Risk Factors for Rape and Sexual Assault (p. 40)
    Race, Ethnicity and Risk Factors for Violence (p. 47)
    Risk Factors for Sexual Victimization (p. 60)
    Implications of Previous Research for the Current Study (p. 72)
    Research Questions and Hypotheses (p. 76)
  Chapter 3. Data and Methods (p. 83)
    Data and Measures (p. 83)
    Dependent Variable (p. 85)
    Measures of Incident Characteristics (p. 86)
    Independent Variables (p. 88)
    Analytic Strategies (p. 91)
  Chapter 4: Results (p. 99)
    RQ 1: What is the general productivity of NCVS screener questions relevant with respect to rape and sexual assault (p. 99)
    RQ 2: Do females from some racial-ethnic categories need more cues to volunteer information on rape/sexual assault experiences relative to women from other racial-ethnic categories? Are there differences in patterning, dynamics, and substance of reporting by race and ethnicity? (p. 104)
    RQ 3: What are the percentages of rape and sexual assault by race and ethnicity? RQ 3a: Are there differences in the way certain characteristics of rape/sexual assault incidents are distributed between the three racial-ethnic categories? (p. 112)
    RQ 4: Is membership in a certain racial-ethnic group a significant predictor for the risk of the rape/sexual assault victimization? How do these relationships change when other sociodemographic variables are taken into account? (p. 121)
    RQ 5: Are there racial-ethnic differences in the effects and effect patterns of the named sociodemographic variables on the risk of rape/sexual assault victimization? (p. 140)
  Chapter 5: Discussions and Conclusions (p. 154)
  References (p. 170)
  Appendix: Multivariate Survey-Weighted Logistic Regressions of Subtypes of Rape and Sexual Assault (p. 183)

Wikipedia: National Crime Victimization Survey


Added: November 1, 2014 – Last updated: November 1, 2014