Added: January 7, 2017 – Last updated: January 7, 2017


Authors: R. Ruard Ganzevoort and Srdjan Sremac

Title: Masculinity, Spirituality, and Male Wartime Sexual Trauma

Subtitle: -

In: Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture

Edited by: Yochai Ataria, David Gurevitz, Haviva Pedaya, and Yuval Neria

Place: Cham

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

Year: 2016

Pages: 339-351

ISBN-13: 9783319294025 (print) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9783319294049 (online) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | European History: Bosnian History | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / Bosnian War; Victims: Men, Trauma



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R. Ruard Ganzevoort, Faculteit der Godgeleerdheit (Faculty of Theology), Vrije Universiteit AmsterdamAuthor's Personal Website, ResearchGate

Srdjan Sremac, Faculteit der Godgeleerdheit (Faculty of Theology), Vrije Universiteit

Abstract: »This chapter examines the relationships between male wartime sexual trauma, masculinity, and posttraumatic spirituality. To understand the occurrence and aftermath of wartime sexual trauma, the authors suggest that we have to look at the cultural and religious meanings attributed to gender, sexuality, and violence. This research focuses on male victims in order to understand how masculinities may be involved in the process. Four forces in the heuristic model are identified: cultural gender messages, traumatization messages, coping messages, and religious messages. The outcome of this force-field is different for men and women. This chapter therefore explores the following: (1) the relationship between trauma and male wartime sexual trauma and its impact on psychological well-being; (2) the roles of cultural (and often also religious) gender norms in sexual traumatization, and (3) the connections between masculinity and posttraumatic growth and spirituality.« (Source: SpringerLink)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Bosnian War / Rape during the Bosnian War