Added: May 7, 2016 – Last updated: November 5, 2016


Author: Kathy L. Gaca

Title: Telling the Girls from the Boys and Children

Subtitle: Interpreting παῖδες in the Sexual Violence of Populace-Ravaging Ancient Warfare

Journal: Illinois Classical Studies

Volume: -

Issue: 35-36

Year: 2010-2011

Pages: 85-109

ISSN: 0363-1923 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 2328-5265 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Ancient History: Ancient Greece | Types: Wartime Rape; Victims: Girls


Link: JSTOR (Restricted Access)


Author: Kathy L. Gaca, Department of Classical Studies, Vanderbilt University

Abstract: »In andrapodizing or populace-ravaging ancient warfare, important Greek evidence discloses norms of martial rape meted out to girls and women in the attacked communities. This practice is unambiguously communicated when the sexually assaulted girls are designated in a female-specific way (e.g., as daughters) and they are said to be not yet ready for marriage. My main concern here is to clarify a presently ambiguous area in this regard. I show the critical import of recognizing when παȋδεϛ καί γυναȋκεϛ means that "girls and women" are subjected to this martial sexual aggression, not, as hitherto understood, "(boy and girl) children and women" or "women" alone with the παȋδεϛ set aside unscathed.« (Source: Illinois Classical Studies)


  Παῖδες and Γυναῖκες (p. 89)
  Captive Women and Daughters as Targets of Martial Aggression, Abduction, and Rape (p. 93)
  Παῖδες θήλειαι, παῖδες ἄρρενες (p. 98)
  Martial Sexual Aggression against Feminine Παῖδες and Γυναῖκες (p. 99)
  Conclusion (p. 106)
  Works Cited (p. 107)

Wikipedia: Ancient history: Ancient Greece | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence