Added: August 5, 2017 – Last updated: August 5, 2017


Author: Marvin D. Free Jr.

Title: Wrongful Convictions

Subtitle: The African American Experience

In: Race, Ethnicity and Law

Edited by: Mathieu Deflem

Place: Bingley

Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited

Year: 2017 (Published online: May 25, 2017)

Pages: 7-25

Series: Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance 22

ISBN-13: 9781787146044 (print) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9781787146037 (online) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9781787149915 (EPUB) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | American History: U.S. History | Prosecution: Trials / Wrong Convictions



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Abstract: »Purpose – To examine gender and racial differences in known wrongful conviction cases.
Methodology/approach – Cases were identified for inclusion in this study through the use of established databases available electronically. Supplemental information was gathered through newspapers, magazines, and direct correspondence with individuals associated with the cases.
Findings – Of special significance was the role of witness error in wrongful convictions. Although more prominent in cases involving African American men, witness error was also problematic in murder and manslaughter cases involving African American women. Whereas white women were more likely to be included in wrongful convictions for murder and child abuse, African American women were more likely to be found in wrongful convictions for drugs and property and other offenses. Wrongfully convicted white women were 2.7 times more likely than their African American counterparts to be sentenced to life. Victim race appeared to play a role in a number of the wrongful convictions for both African American men and women.
Originality/value – This study expands our knowledge of known wrongful convictions among African Americans, a group that is disproportionately found in the criminal justice data.« (Source: Emerald)


  Abstract (p. 7)
  Introduction (p. 8)
  Factors Associated with Wrongful Convictions (p. 10)
  The Study (p. 14)
    The Wrongfully Convicted African American Men Sampl (p. 15)
    The Wrongfully Convicted African American Women Sample (p. 16)
  Discussion and Implications (p. 16)
    Wrongly Convicted African American Men (p. 16)
    Wrongly Convicted African American Women (p. 19)
  Conclusion (p. 22)
  References (p. 23)

Wikipedia: History of the Americas: History of the United States | Rape in the United States | Wrongful convictions: List of wrongful convictions in the United States