Added: January 7, 2017 – Last updated: January 7, 2017


Author: Wolfgang Form

Title: Colonization and Postcolonial Justice

Subtitle: US and Philippine War Crimes Trials in Manila After the Second World War

In: War Crimes Trials in the Wake of Decolonization and Cold War in Asia, 1945-1956: Justice in Time of Turmoil

Edited by: Kerstin von Lingen

Place: Cham

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Year: 2016

Pages: 143-166

Series: World Histories of Crime, Culture and Violence

ISBN-13: 9783319429861 (print) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9783319429878 (online) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | Asian History: Japanese History, Philippine History | Prosecution: Trials; Types: Forced Prostitution / "Comfort Women"; Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / Asia-Pacific War



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Author: Wolfgang Form, Forschungs- und Dokumentationszentrum für Kriegsverbrecherprozesse (International Research and Documentation Centre for War Crimes Trials), Philipps-Universität Marburg

Abstract: »The USA developed and structured guidelines for the implementation of charging Japanese war crimes on Philippine territory. The Philippine government adapted not only the legal basis, but also consistently oriented itself on the sentencing of the former colonial power. In many respects the US and Philippine trials in Manila are comparable regarding the severity of sentencing, types of sentences and, in part, victim groups. The same applies to the fact that sexual violence against women was only prosecuted under the charge of rape—although both jurisdictions had the possibility to prosecute forced prostitution.« (Source: SpringerLink)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Japan | History of Philippine | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Pacific War / Japanese war crimes