Added: March 4, 2017 – Last updated: March 4, 2017


Author: Michelle F. Erai

Title: In the Shadow of Manaia

Subtitle: Colonial Narratives of Violence against Māori Women, 1820-1870

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, University of California at Santa Cruz

Advisor: Angela Davis

Year: 2007

Pages: 182pp.

OCLC Number: 271754919 – Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 19th Century | Oceanian History: New Zealand History | Types: Interracial Rape


Link: ProQuest (Restricted Access)


Author: Michelle Erai, Department of Gender Studies, University of California at Los Angeles –

Abstract: »Violence against Maori women has a history that is embedded within process of colonization, and oppression based on the intersections of race, gender, class and sexuality. In New Zealand violence took multiple forms including war and land alienation, within more intimate settings acts were committed that injured the bodies, minds and social and material lives of victims. Maori, missionaries and settlers recorded some of what they perceived.
Based on fragments from unpublished letters, journals and diaries, sketches, paintings and photographs, the discursive construction of Maori women as likely victims of violence is revealed as mundane, and spectacular; familiar and invisible. The texts contain explicit descriptions of acts of violence, at the same time, they represent performances of race, gender and sexuality coded as natural and inherent in particular bodies.
This research draws on postcolonial, feminist, postmodern and Marxist critiques to build a strategic reading of archival materials, texts and images, not as evidence of violence as such, but as evidence of discourses about violence. Together, these approaches build a reading strategy based not on identity, but critical analysis. The narratives contained in this project were produced and survived within political contexts of erasure and silence. This dissertation is part of a transnational, indigenous, queer and feminist of color resistance to violence, erasure and silence, through scholarship and activism.« (Source: Thesis)


  Table of Illustrations (p. iv)
  Abstract (p. v)
  Acknowledgements (p. vii)
  Prologue: In the Shadow of Manaia (p. 1)
  Chapter One: Framing the Subject (p. 6)
  Chapter Two: Encountering Eden (p. 39)
  Chapter Three: Violent (Con)Texts (p. 72)
  Chapter Four: Bodies in Contact (p. 110)
  Epilogue: Going Home (p. 138)
    Appendix I (p. 140)
    Appendix II (p. 148)
    Appendix III (p. 150)
  Bibliography (p. 152)

Wikipedia: History of Oceania: History of New Zealand