Dutridge-Corp 2009 Reconciling

Title Information

Author: Elizabeth Anne Dutridge-Corp

Title: Reconciling the Past

Subtitle: H. R. 121 and the Japanese Textbook Controversy

Thesis: M.A. Thesis, Bowling Green State University

Year: December 2009

Pages: vi + 108pp.

OCLC Number: 457065010 – Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | Japanese History, U.S. History | Research: Teaching History / Japanese Textbook Controversy; Types: "Comfort Women", Wartime Rape / Asia-Pacific War

Full Text

Link: OhioLINK [Free Access]

Additional Information

Author: Elizabeth Dutridge-Corp, Department of History, Michigan State University

Abstract: »The Japanese history textbook controversy emerged as an international affair in 1982. The controversy, which focuses primarily on conservative textbooks, concerns itself with events and issues from Japan's World War II past. The "comfort women" issue is one such topic which protestors argue fail to be recognized in textbooks, thus sparking debate over whether Japan has been able to recognize its responsibility for its past deeds. On 30 July 2007, the U.S. House of Representatives passed House Resolution 121 (H.R.121), a non-binding resolution calling upon the Government of Japan to “formally acknowledge, apologize, and accept historical responsibility” for the Imperial Armed Forces' involvement in the “enslavement and trafficking” of “comfort women” during the Pacific War/World War II. Representative Michael Honda, a Democratic Congressman from the Fifteenth District of California, was the sponsor of this resolution. Supporting him and this resolution were 167 congressmen who were in favor of a formal apology from then Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzō Abe. But with World War II and the U.S. Occupation of Japan more than sixty years in the past, why, in 2007, was the U.S. calling for an “unambiguous” apology? H.R. 121, and the resolutions that came before it, were an American response to the “memory problem” in Japan concerning its war responsibility and apologies. While H.R. 121 was initiated over a matter of human rights, this thesis will argue that H.R. 121 serves as a formal U.S. demand for an apology from the Government of Japan for its wartime past, citing recent history textbooks as proof that Japan has yet to offer such an apology.« (Source: Thesis)


  Abstract (p. iii)
  Acknowledgments (p. v)
  Introduction (p. 1)
  Chapter 1: The Japanese Textbook Controversy and the "Re-Telling" of History (p. 17)
    Textbooks and Eduction in Japan since the Late Nineteenth Century (p. 18)
    History of the Postwar Textbook Controversy in Japan (p. 23)
    Controversy: Reignited (p. 33)
    Backlash to The New History Textbook (p. 39)
    Conclusion (p. 44)
  Chapter 2: House Resolution 121 and the U.S. Call for Recognition (p. 45)
    Early Resolutions and the Demand for an Apology (p. 46)
    H.R. 121 and Honda's Victory (p. 58)
    H.R. 121 and the Japanese Response to U.S. Involvement (p. 65)
    Conclusion (p. 69)
  Chapter 3: Historical Memory and the Steps towards Reconciliation (p. 71)
    Textbooks as a Reflection of Society (p. 72)
    Textbooks and Historical Memory (p. 81)
    Steps toward Reconciliation (p. 83)
    Conclusion (p. 89)
  Conclusion (p. 91)
  Bibliography (p. 100)
    Journal Articles and Monographs (p. 100)
    Government Documents (p. 104)
    Newspaper Articles (p. 105)
    Papers/Pamphlets (p. 107)
    Textbooks (p. 107)
    Websites (p. 107)

Wikipedia: Comfort women, Japanese history textbook controversies, Japanese war crimes, Pacific War, United States House of Representatives House Resolution 121, War rape

Added: June 21, 2014 | Last updated: June 21, 2014