Added: June 3, 2017 – Last updated: June 3, 2017


Author: H.R. Downey

Title: Removing Homosexuality from Sodom

Subtitle: Contextualizing Genesis 19 with Other Biblical Rape Narratives

Thesis: Master Thesis, Wright State University

Advisor: Mark Verman

Year: 2017

Pages: v + 87pp.

Language: English

Keywords: Cases: Offenders / Amnon, Shechem; Cases: Victims / Dinah, Lot, Tamar; Offenders: Daughters; Representations: Biblical Texts / Book of Genesis, Book of Judges, Books of Samuel; Types: Attempted Rape, Gang Rape, Incestual Rape, Same-Sex Rape; Victims: Fathers, Unconsciousness


Link: OhioLINK (Free Access)


Abstract: »This analysis disputes common interpretations that the Sodom narrative (Genesis 19) is an anti-homosexual story by presenting it as part of a four-story arc about rape in the Bible. The three other stories discussed in addition to Sodom are as follows: the gang rape of the Levite’s concubine (Judges 19), the rape of Dinah (Genesis 34), and the rape of Tamar (2 Samuel 13). Each of the four stories discussed in this analysis contain various types of sexual violence, such as male-to-male rape or attempted rape, female-to-male rape, and male-to-female rape; in each case, the rapes or attempted rapes lead to disastrous social consequences, which this analysis concludes is the overarching message to each of the four narratives. In addition, this analysis will consider how the Sodom narrative became incorrectly associated with homosexuality and the negative impact that this misinterpretation in American jurisprudence and the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community.« (Source: Thesis)


  Abstract (p. iii)
  Acknowledgment (p. v)
  Chapter 1: Why Isn't the Sodom Narrative about Homosexuality, and Why Should We Care? (p. 1)
    Overview (p. 1)
    The Sodom Narrative: Summary (p. 2)
    Background (p. 3)
    Literature Review (p. 8)
    It's All About the Rape: Sodom and Other Stories (p. 13)
      The Gibeah Narrative: Judges 19 (p. 14)
      Dinah: Genesis 34 (p. 15)
      Tamar: 2 Samuel 13 (p. 16)
  Chapter 2: Rape in the Sodom and Gibeah Narratives (p. 19)
    Overview (p. 19)
    The Sodom Narrative (p. 19)
    The Gibeah Narrative (p. 33)
    Reading the Stories: Emphasizing Rape (p. 40)
  Chapter 3: Rape in the Dinah and Tamar Narratives (p. 44)
    Overview (p. 44)
    The Dinah Narrative (p. 44)
    The Tamar Narrative (p. 50)
    The Female Victim Trope (p. 57)
  Chapter 4: Sodom in American Jurisprudence (p. 60)
    Overview (p. 60)
    Note on Worldview (p. 61)
    Persisting Misconceptions (p. 62)
    American Sodomy Laws (p. 63)
    The Four Rape Narratives: What's the Connection? (p. 78)
    Why a New Reading Matters (p. 80)
  Works Cited (p. 83)

Wikipedia: Bible: Crime and punishment in the Bible / Rape in the Hebrew Bible | Bible: Book of Genesis, Book of Judges, Books of Samuel | Sex and the law: Gang rape, Incest