de Brouwer 2013 Courts

Title Information

Authors: Anne-Marie de Brouwer and Etienne Ruvebana

Title: The Legacy of the Gacaca Courts in Rwanda

Subtitle: Survivors's Views

Journal: International Criminal Law Review

Volume: 13

Issue: 5

Year: 2013

Pages: 937-976

ISSN: 1567-536X – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1571-8123 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | Rwandan History | Prosecution: Trials / Gacaca Courts; Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide

Full Text

Link: Tilburg University Repository [Free Access]

Link: Brill Online [Restricted Access]

Additional Information


Anne-Marie de Brouwer, Department of Criminal Law, Tilburg University

Abstract: »Gacaca, the local courts in Rwanda, officially closed on 18 June 2012. In this contribution, the legacy of the gacaca courts is studied by looking at what the gacaca courts have achieved or may not have achieved against the objectives it was set up for in the first place from the perspective of genocide survivors. Twenty-eight interviews with genocide survivors provide insight into how changing circumstances (e.g. passing of time, better understanding of the workings of the gacaca courts, improved security situation, increased level of the most basic (material and psychological) needs, and role of teachings about forgiveness on individual and societal reconciliation) may influence the way survivors of international crimes evaluate gacaca. In the second part of this article, the question of how to move on now that gacaca courts have officially closed down is discussed, including the still unresolved issue of reparation to genocide survivors.« [Source: International Criminal Law Review]


  Introduction (p. 937)
  1. The Gacaca Courts: Set Up, Mandate and Procedure (p. 938)
  2. Methods (p. 943)
  3. Gacaca's Goals: What Has (Not) Been Achieved? (p. 945)
    3.1. To Establish the Truth on the Genocide (p. 945)
    3.2. To Speed Up the Trials (p. 948)
    3.3. To Eradicate the Culture of Impunity (p. 949)
    3.4. To Reconcile and Unite Rwandans (p. 951)
      3.4.1. The Issue of Security (p. 953)
      3.4.2. The Issue of Forgiveness (p. 954)
      3.4.3. The Issue of Retraumatization and Healing (p. 959)
      3.4.4. The Issue of Reparation (p. 960)
      3.4.5. Interim Observations on Reconciliation (p. 961)
    3.5. To Have Rwandans Solve their Own Problems (p. 963)
  4. Gacaca's Closure: How to Move On? (p. 964)
    4.1. New Cases Related to the Genocide (p. 964)
    4.2. Building an Archive on the Genocide (p. 965)
    4.3. Remaining Concern of Survivors: Reparation (p. 967)
  5. Conclusion (p. 971)

Wikipedia: Rwandan Genocide

Added: December 7, 2013 | Last updated: December 7, 2013