Crawford 2013 Weapons

Title Information

Author: Kerry F. Crawford

Title: From spoils to weapons

Subtitle: Framing wartime sexual violence

Journal: Gender & Development

Volume: 21

Issue: 3

Year: 2013

Pages: 505-517

ISSN: 1355-2074 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1364-9221 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Types: Wartime Rape

Full Text

Link: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

Additional Information

Author: Kerry Crawford, Department of Political Science, George Washington UniversityAuthor's Website

Abstract: »The way an issue is ‘framed’ (viewed and understood) has a profound effect on whether it is viewed as a priority for action by international organisations, states, and civil society. Wartime sexual violence used to be framed as a ‘women's issue’, but since the issue gained widespread notoriety in the mid-1990s, it has shifted to being understood as a ‘security issue’. Activists and campaigners have used this as an opportunity to press for more attention at international and national levels, and policymakers have given higher priority to the issue of ending wartime sexual violence. Yet framing wartime sexual violence in terms of security – and in particular, a focus on ‘rape as a weapon’ – comes at a cost. First, it isolates this violence conceptually from the wider context of gender-based violence before, during, and after active armed conflict, and other types of violence may receive little attention. In addition, the specific emphasis on ‘rape as a weapon’ affects the types of wartime sexual violence recognised and condemned by the international community, the kinds of ‘victims’ granted assistance, and the extent to which women and men are perceived as victims, empowered agents, or perpetrators.« [Source: Gender & Development]


  Introduction (p. 506)
  Researching responses to wartime sexual violence (p. 507)
  The scope of conflict-related sexual violence (p. 508)
  Shifting the frame of conflict-related sexual violence (p. 508)
    Sexual violence as a women's rights issue (p. 509)
    Sexual violence as a 'weapon of war' (p. 510)
  The implications of framing sexual violence as a weapon of war (p. 511)
    Inside the frame: gains from seeing wartime sexual violence as a weapon (p. 511)
    Outside the frame: the negative implications of 'rape as a weapon' (p. 514)
  Conclusion: moving forward (p. 516)
  Note (p. 517)
  References (p. 517)

Wikipedia: War rape

Added: November 23, 2013 | Last updated: January 25, 2014