Added: October 1, 2016 – Last updated: March 4, 2017


Author: Erin Ford Cozens

Title: 'The Shadow Only Be Their Portion'

Subtitle: Gendered Colonial Spaces in Aotearoa/New Zealand, 1840-1855

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, University of Hawai'i at Manoa

Advisor: David Chappell

Year: May 2011

Pages: vii + 349pp.

OCLC Number: 825763414 – Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 19th Century | Oceanian History: New Zealand History



ScholarSpace: Digital Repository of the University of Hawaii at Manoa (Free Access)

ProQuest (Restricted Access)


Abstract: »The two primary goals of this work are to unpack the myriad ways that gender was an integral component of the construction of colonial spaces within New Zealand, and to demonstrate the ways in which a range of historical actors transgressed those spaces. In doing so it advocates for the centrality of gender within colonial processes in New Zealand while at the same time highlighting the need for more nuanced examinations of the exceedingly gendered nature of encounters between Pacific Islanders and colonizers throughout Oceania.« (Source: ScholarSpace)


  Acknowledgements (p. iv)
  List of Figures (p. vii)
  Chapter I. Introduction: I Te Tīmitanga/Beginnings, Stories, Questions (p. 1)
    A Historiography of (Gendered) Negotiation (p. 4)
    Methodologies (p. 13)
    Te Ao Māori/The Māori World (p. 18)
    Te Ao Pākehā/The European World (p. 22)
    Te Ao Hou/The New World: Aotearoa since European Contact (p. 27)
    Narrating Gender and British Colonialism in Aotearoa/New Zealand (p. 36)
  Chapter 2. 'The Finest Mixed Race in All The World': Representing Gender and Civilization in Poetry and Visual Art in Early Colonial New Zealand (p. 48)
    Representing the Pacific (p. 49)
    Victorian Poetry (p. 53)
    Victorian Visual Art (p. 54)
    'When I repuls'd thy zeal with scorn': Missionaries and Indigenous Bodies in 'New Zealand – A Poem' (p. 56)
    'New Zealand' by Eliza Wilson (p. 64)
    'These Poor Savages': The work of S.C. Brees (p. 72)
    'The Finest Mixed Race in the World': The Sketches of R.A. Oliver (p. 88)
    Imaging Gender and Civilization (p. 97)
  Chapter 3. 'A Masculine Energy of Mind': Manliness, Civilization, and Colonialism (p. 101)
    Manliness and Empire (p. 106)
    Masculinities in Mid-Nineteenth Century England (p. 110)
    Colonialism, Civilization, and 'Manliness' (p. 116)
    Building a New (Manly) Society (p. 122)
    Masculinity and the 'Native' (p. 135)
    Colonial Masculinities in Aotearoa/New Zealand (p. 146)
  Chapter 4. 'Something Lika a Dog's House': Domesticity and the Construction of Civilized Colonial Spaces (p. 149)
    Domesticity, Space, and the Civilization of Empire (p. 153)
    Domestic (Gendered) Spaces in Aotearoa/New Zealand (p. 159)
    Social Activities and Gendered Public Spaces (p. 171)
    Domesticity, Māori Bodies, and Māori Spaces (p. 182)
    Amalgamated Spaces (p. 190)
    Conclusion: Creating One Colonial, Civilized Space (p. 197)
  Chapter 5. Kānohi ki te Kānohi: Māori and the Negotiation of Gendered Colonial Spaces (p. 199)
    Māori Epistemologies, Sources and Research (p. 201)
    Gender in Māori Society before Europeans (p. 205)
    Mōteatea: A Case Study (p. 211)
    Kānohi ki te Kānohi: Negotiating Pākehā (p. 224)
      Māori Society and Gender in the mid-nineteenth Century (p. 224)
      Kanohi ki te Kanohi: Face to Face (p. 229)
      Takawaenga/Mediators (p. 232)
      Āwhina/aid (p. 240)
      Whenua/Land (p. 245)
      Wahine ki te Wahine: Ruta Tamihana Te Rauparaha and Eliza Grey (p. 251)
    Conclusion (p. 256)
  Chapter 6. 'A Crime Held in Especial Abhorrence': Sexual Violence and Colonial Legal Discourse, 1840-1855 (p. 258)
    Writing Rape (p. 261)
    The Imperial Metropole: Rape and Sexual Violence in Nineteenth Century England (p. 262)
    British Colonialism and Sexual Violence (p. 267)
    Legislation of Rape in British Colonies (p. 269)
    Pāwhera: Sexual Violence within Māori Worldview (p. 272)
    Rape in Early Colonial New Zealand (p. 275)
    'Unlawfully Carnally Knowing a Child': Child Rape in New Zealand (p. 280)
    'Hard to be proved': Assault with Intent to Commit Rape (p. 287)
    'A Most Detestable Crime': Rape Convictions in New Zealand, 1842-1855 (p. 296)
    'Intent to Commit an Unnatural Act:' Same-Sex Sexual Violence? (p. 299)
    Competing Narratives, Colonial Space (p. 304)
  Chapter 7. Conclusion: Ki Te Whakawhiti i Te Tautangata/To Engage the Stranger (p. 312)
  Appendix A: The Treaty of Waitango (p. 322)
    A.1: The Treaty as it was written in English in 1840 (p. 322)
    A.2: The Treaty in Māori as it was written in 1840 (p. 323)
    A.3: The Treaty translated back into English from the Māori (modern day translation) (p. 324)
  Appendix B: Glossary of Māori words (p. 326)
  Bibliography of Unpublished Materials and Historical Newspapers (p. 328)
    Unpublished Materials (p. 328)
    Historical Newspapers (p. 328)
  Bibliography of Published Materials (p. 329)

Wikipedia: History of Oceania: History of New Zealand