Corman 2013 Crime

Title Information


Authors: Hope Corman and Naci H. Mocan

Title: Alcohol Consumption, Deterrence and Crime in New York City

Subtitle: -

Place: Cambridge, MA

Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research

Year: January 2013

Pages: 38pp.

Series: NBER Working Paper No. 18731

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | U.S. History



Full Text


Link: National Bureau of Economic Research [Free Access]



Additional Information


Author:

Hope Corman, Department of Finance and Economics, Rider University

Naci Mocan, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University

Abstract: »This paper investigates the relationship between alcohol consumption, deterrence, and crime for New York City. We examine high-frequency time-series data from 1983 to 2001 for one specific location to examine the impacts of variations in both alcohol consumption and deterrence on seven "index" crimes. We tackle the endogeneity of arrests and the police force by exploiting the temporal independence of crime and deterrence in these high-frequency data, and we address the endogeneity of alcohol by using instrumental variables where alcohol sales are instrumented with city and state alcohol taxes and minimum drinking age. We find that alcohol consumption is positively related to assault, rape, and larceny crimes but not murder, robbery, burglary, or motor vehicle theft. We find strong deterrence for all crimes except assault and rape. Generally, deterrence effects are stronger than alcohol effects.« (Source: National Bureau of Economic Research)

Contents:

  I. Introduction (p. 2)
  II. Previous Literature (p. 4)
    Criminal Deterrence (p. 5)
    Alcohol Taxes and Crime (p. 6)
    Drinking Age and Crime (p. 7)
    Alcohol Consumption and Crime (p. 8)
  III. Contribution of this Paper (p. 9)
  IV. Empirical Specification and Data (p. 10)
  V. Patterns in the Data and Descriptive Statistics (p. 14)
  V. Results (p. 15)
  VII. Robustness of the Results and Extensions (p. 18)
  VIII. Summary and Conclusion (p. 19)
  References (p. 22)

Added: June 22, 2013 | Last updated: May 17, 2014