Added: October 7, 20006 – Last updated: March 4, 2017


Author: Barry Coldrey

Title: 'A strange mixture of caring and corruption'

Subtitle: Residental care in Christian Brother's orphanages and industrial schools during their last phase, 1940s to 1960s

Journal: History of Education: The Journal of the History of Education Society

Volume: 29

Issue: 4

Year: July 2000 (Published online: November 10, 2010)

Pages: 343-355

ISSN: 0046-760X – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1464-5130 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | American History: Canadian History; European History: Irish History; Oceanian History: Australian History | Cases: Others / Christian Brothers Cases; Types: Child Sexual Abuse, Clergy Sexual Abuse



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Abstract: »The Boys' Homes run by the Christian Brothers in Australia, Canada, Ireland, and elsewhere in their last phase from the 1940's to the 1960's displayed a "strange mixture of care, severity and abuse." Sparse institutions with little state help, the homes were intended to provide a solution for deprived children, but were staffed by unsuitable personnel with no training. The staff had a feeble understanding of child psychology, which helped to create a culture of violence leading to physical and sexual abuse of unruly children. It was not realized at the time how certain routines and forms of physical punishment could easily spill over into criminal acts.« (Source: Historical Abstracts)


  Introduction (p. 343)
  Physical and Sexual Abuse (p. 344)
  The social context (p. 347)
  Residential care: the staff problem (p. 348)
  Situational factors in violence (p. 350)
  Frustration and aggression in residential care (p. 351)
  Cultural assault on the working class (p. 352)
  The caring dimension (p. 353)
  Conclusion (p. 354)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of Ireland / History of the Republic of Ireland | History of Oceania: History of Australia / History of Australia (1901–45), History of Australia since 1945 | History of the Americas: History of Canada / History of Canada (1945–60), History of Canada (1960–81) | Catholic Church sexual abuse cases: Catholic sexual abuse cases in Australia, Catholic sexual abuse cases in Canada, Roman Catholic Church sexual abuse scandal in Ireland | Catholic religious order: Congregation of Christian Brothers / Sexual abuse scandal in the Congregation of Christian Brothers | Rape by country: Rape in Australia, Rape in Canada, Rape in the Republic of Ireland | Sex and the law: Child sexual abuse