Cohen 2013 Rape

Title Information

Author: Dara Kay Cohen

Title: Explaining Rape during Civil War

Subtitle: Cross-National Evidence (1980–2009)

Journal: American Political Science Review

Volume: 107

Issue: 3

Year: August 2013

Pages: 461-477

ISSN: 0003-0554 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1537-5943 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | Sierra Leonean History | Types: Wartime Rape / Sierra Leone Civil War

Full Text

Link: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted Access]

Additional Information

Author: Dara Kay Cohen, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Abstract: »Why do some armed groups commit massive wartime rape, whereas others never do? Using an original dataset, I describe the substantial variation in rape by armed actors during recent civil wars and test a series of competing causal explanations. I find evidence that the recruitment mechanism is associated with the occurrence of wartime rape. Specifically, the findings support an argument about wartime rape as a method of socialization, in which armed groups that recruit by force—through abduction or pressganging—use rape to create unit cohesion. State weakness and insurgent contraband funding are also associated with increased wartime rape by rebel groups. I examine observable implications of the argument in a brief case study of the Sierra Leone civil war. The results challenge common explanations for wartime rape, with important implications for scholars and policy makers.« (Source: American Political Science Review)

Wikipedia: Sierra Leone Civil War, War rape

Added: August 17, 2013 | Last updated: August 17, 2013