Added: June 4, 2016 – Last updated: June 4, 2016


Author: Janine Natalya Clark

Title: Untangling Rape Causation and the Importance of the Micro Level

Subtitle: Elucidating the Use of Mass Rape during the Bosnian War

Journal: Ethnopolitics

Volume: Published online before print


Year: April 14, 2016


ISSN: 1744-9057 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1744-9065 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | European History: Bosnian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Bosnian War


Link: Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access)


Author: Janine Natalya Clark, Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham

Abstract: »The widespread and persistent use of rape and sexual violence in armed conflict inevitably raises a fundamental question which numerous scholars have hitherto sought to answer: Why do men (and some women) rape in war? Many existing causal theories operate at high levels of abstraction, due to their emphasis on macro structural factors. This article, in contrast, approaches the issue of causation from a different angle and poses a more specific question: how can the widespread use of mass rape and sexual violence during the 1992–1995 Bosnian war be explained? Based on 79 interviews conducted in Bosnia–Hercegovina between 2014 and 2015 with male and female survivors of these crimes, this research uses the interviewees’ stories to identify and analyse prominent causal factors. It focuses on five factors in particular, namely revenge (personal, mirroring and event-triggered), humiliation, opportunism, group dynamics and entitlement. These factors are in no way unique to the Bosnian war. What makes this research novel, however, is that it explores the functionality and role of these causal factors within the specific micro context and conflict dynamics of the Bosnian war. It thus combines the macro and micro to create a new ‘fusion’ analysis of causation.« (Source: Ethnopolitics)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Bosnian War / Rape during the Bosnian War