Added: May 7, 2016 – Last updated: May 7, 2016


Author: María Rebeca Castellanos

Title: The Foundational Rape Tale in Medieval Iberia

Subtitle: -

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, University of Texas at Austin

Advisor: Michael Harney

Year: December 2009

Pages: xi + 184pp.

OCLC Number: 847284930 – Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Medieval History: 9th Century, 10 Century, 11th Century, 12th Century, 13th Century | European History: Spanish History | Representations: Historical Works


Link: Texas ScholarWorks (Free Access)


Abstract: »The present study examines the rape episodes in Muslim and Christian historiography of the Iberian Peninsula between 9th and 13th century. These episodes possess a structure which the author defines as “rape tale.” The rape tale has a stock cast of characters—a rapist ruler, the female rape victim, and her avenging guardian, and a predictable ending: the ruler will be deposed. In the works studied in this dissertation, every version of the rape tales is part of a discourse that legitimates an occupation, an invasion, a conquest. The stable structure of the rape tale may reveal its mythic origins. It is possible that before these stories were put into writing, they were elaborated orally. The importance of these allegorical tales requires the necessity of memorization by means of oral repetition, which is possible only through a paring down of details in order to obtain a clear pattern. The images, the actions, must be formulaic in order to be recovered effectively. Characters—no matter their historicity—are simplified into types. Hence in all myths, heroes are brave and strong; princesses in distress are beautiful; tyrannical rulers, lustful. The myth studied here appears in chronicles and national/ethnic histories written by a community that saw itself as the winning character in a story of conquest—or Reconquest. It is a myth that features not one but two rape tales: the rape of Oliba (also known as Cava), daughter of Count Julian, which brought about the Moorish invasion of Spain, and the rape of Luzencia, which signaled a Christian rebirth with Pelayo’s rebellion.« (Source: Thesis)


  Dedication (p. iv)
  Acknowledgements (p. v)
  Chapter 1: Introduction (p. 1)
    The Rape tale in Foundational Narratives (p. 1)
    A brief history of Rape and Marriage (p. 2)
    Rape and representation (p. 8)
    The rape tale as myth (p. 12)
    The structure of the foundational rape tale (p. 16)
    Dramatis personae in the rape tale (p. 21)
    Concluding remarks (p. 24)
  Chapter 2: Rape, Conquest and the Re-Conquest of Spain (p. 26)
    Oliba in Muslim Historiography: Rape and the Conquest of Spain (p. 37)
    The Anonymous Ajbar Machmua (also known as Anónimo de París) (p. 40)
    Ibn-al-Kutiya‘s History of the Conquest of Spain (p. 43)
    Oliba and her cousin Luzencia: the Reconquest of Spain (p. 45)
    Reconquest as crusade (p. 47)
    The translatio imperii (p. 49)
    Narratives of Conquest (p. 52)
    Crónica de Alfonso III (p. 53)
    Crónica Najerense (p. 57)
    Oliba (p. 60)
    Luzencia (p. 61)
    Translatio imperii (p. 63)
    Lucas de Tuy‘s Chronicon Mundi (p. 63)
    The author and his work (p. 65)
    The rape tale in the Chronicon Mundi (p. 66)
    Who sinned the most, the king or his priests? (p. 67)
    Count Julian (p. 69)
    Pelayo (p. 71)
    Lucas‘ nostalgic translatio imperii (p. 72)
    Concluding remarks (p. 75)
  Chapter 3: Rape and the re-creation of A Visigothic past (p. 76)
    Isidore‘s histories (p. 80)
    Rodrigo Ximénez de Rada, Bishop and magnate (p. 89)
    a departure from Isidorian tradition (p. 90)
    From The Sack of Rome to the Rape of Oliba (p. 94)
    Ximénez de Rada and the rape tale (p. 97)
    Dramatis Personae (p. 98)
    The king‘s transgression: rape (p. 101)
    The rape of Luzencia or the case for a Christian translatio (p. 106)
    Dramatis personae (p. 107)
    The Rape function (p. 108)
    Translatio imperii (p. 108)
  Chapter 4: Alfonso X and rape tale (p. 112)
    The king as historian (p. 116)
    The Estoria (p. 117)
    The Visigoths in the Estoria (p. 119)
    Rape of Count Julian‘s daughter (p. 122)
    Rodrigo, king or tyrant? (p. 124)
    Lord and vassal (p. 129)
    The Rape of Luzencia (p. 131)
    Alcalde Munnuza as the tyrannical ruler (p. 132)
    Rape tale, or the botched marriage of Luzencia (p. 133)
    Pelayo‘s rebellion (p. 136)
    Translatio imperii (p. 137)
  Final Remarks (p. 141)
  Appendix A: History of the Conquest of Spain, by Ibn Abd-al-Hakam (Egypt, 9th century) (Oldest extant version of O liba's rape) (p. 150)
  Appendix B: Ajbar Machmuâ (anonymous, 11th century) (p. 155)
    B. 1. Rape of Julian‘s Daughter (p. 155)
    B. 2. Pelayo (p. 155)
  Appendix C: Ibn Al-Kotiya (p. 157)
    Rape of Julian‘s Daughter (p. 157)
  Appendix D: Crónica de Alfonso III (876-877) (p. 158)
    Pelayo‘s sister unaceptable union (p. 158)
  Appendix E: Crónica Najerense (Nájera, between 1152 and 1233) (p. 159)
    E. 1. Witiza‘s sins (p. 159)
    E. 2. Presentation of Rodrigo (p. 159)
    E. 3. Rape of Oliba (p. 160)
    E. 4 Pelayo and his sister (p. 160)
  Appendix F: Chronicon Mundi , book III (p. 162)
    F. 1.A. Portrait of Witiza, the fornicator (p. 162)
    F.1.B. Witiza gouges eyes of Rodrigo‘s father, tries to do the same to Pelayo (p. 163)
    F.1.C. Witiza‘s bad actions (p. 163)
    F. 2. Rodrigo becomes king, banishes sons of Witiza, rapes daughter of Julian (p. 164)
    F. 3. Rape of Luzencia (p. 164)
  Appendix G: Historia de Rebus Hispanie sive Historia Gothica, by Roderici Xixemii de Rada (p. 166)
    G. 1. Characterization of Bishop Oppas (p. 166)
    G. 2. Rodrigo‘s rebellion (p. 166)
    G. 3. Characterization of King Rodrigo (p. 166)
    G. 4. Legend of the locked palace (p. 167)
    G. 5. Rape of Oliba (p. 167)
    G. 6. Lament for the fall of Spain, followed with a praise (p. 168)
    G. 7. Why the Goths were destructed (p. 170)
    G. 8. The rape of Luzencia (p. 171)
  Appendix H: Estoria de Espanna, by king Alfonso X The Wise (p. 173)
    H.1 . The prologue to the Estoria: on the reasons to write a history (p. 173)
    H. 2. Presentation of Count Julian and his daughter (p. 174)
    H. 3. Legend of the Palace with Many Locks (p. 174)
    H. 4. Rape of Count Julian‘s daughter (p. 175)
    H. 5. Rape of Luzencia (p. 176)
  Bibliography (p. 177)
  Vita (p. 184)

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