Added: August 6, 2016 – Last updated: August 6, 2016


Author: Doris E. Buss

Title: Rethinking ‘Rape as a Weapon of War’

Subtitle: -

Journal: Feminist Legal Studies

Volume: 17

Issue: 2

Year: 2009 (Published online: July 17, 2009)

Pages: 145-163

ISSN: 0966-3622 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | African History: Rwandan History | Prosecution: Trials / International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide



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Author: Doris E. Buss, Department of Law and Legal Studies, Carleton University

Abstract: »One of the most significant shifts in current thinking on war and gender is the recognition that rape in wartime is not a simple by-product of war, but often a planned and targeted policy. For many feminists ‘rape as a weapon of war’ provides a way to articulate the systematic, pervasive, and orchestrated nature of wartime sexual violence that marks it as integral rather than incidental to war. This recognition of rape as a weapon of war has taken on legal significance at the Rwandan and Yugoslav Tribunals where rape has been prosecuted as a crime against humanity and genocide. In this paper, I examine how the Rwanda Tribunal’s record of judgments conceives of rape enacted as an instrument of the genocide. I consider in particular how the Tribunal’s conception of ‘rape as a weapon of war’ shapes what can be known about sexual violence and gender in the Rwandan genocide and what cannot, the categories of victims legally recognised and those that are not, and the questions pursued, and those foreclosed, about the patterns of violence before and during the genocide.« (Source: Feminist Legal Studies)


  Abstract (p. 145)
  Introduction (p. 145)
  Rape as a Weapon of War (p. 148)
  The Record on Prosecuting Rape as a Weapon of War (p. 151)
  The Hyper-visibility and Un-visibility of Sexual Violence (p. 153)
    Seraphine (p. 156)
    Béatrice (p. 156)
  Conclusion (p. 160)
  Acknowledgments (p. 161)
  References (p. 161)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Rwanda | Court: International court / International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda | Genocide: Rwandan genocide / Rape during the Rwandan Genocide | Types of rape: Genocidal rape