Added: February 4, 2017 – Last updated: February 4, 2017


Author: Natalia Buchowska

Title: Violated or protected

Subtitle: Women's rights in armed conflicts after Second World War

Journal: International Comparative Jurisprudence



Year: (Published online: December 28, 2016)


eISSN: 2351-6674 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | Prosecution: Laws / 20th-Century Legislation, 21st-Century Legislation; Types: Wartime Sexual Violence


Link: ScienceDirect (Free Access)


Author: Natalia Buchowska, Wydział Prawa i Administracji (Faculty of Law and Administration), Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań)

Abstract: »From the contemporary legal perspective war atrocities have to be seen as mass violations of human rights. They affect all members of the society, regardless of their gender, age, skin color, nationality or ethnic origin. Women however, were and still are particularly vulnerable to all forms of such violations, in particular - becoming victims of various forms of violence. The aim of the paper is to answer the question of whether the legal and the actual position of women in the armed conflicts has changed in any terms. In order to achieve this goal, the most typical examples of violations of women's rights during present-day hostilities will be indicated and examined. Moreover, the Author will analyze international legislation having as object the protection of women in armed conflicts, in search for any evolution of that legal framework.« (Source: International Comparative Jurisprudence)


  1. Introduction
  2. Women and war
    2.1. Violations of women’s rights during WWII
    2.2. Women and contemporary armed conflicts
  3. International legal framework for the protection of women in the armed conflict
    3.1. Geneva Conventions 1949
    3.2. Statutes of International Criminal Tribunals
    3.3. Specialized regulations
  4. Conclusions

Wikipedia: Sexual violence: Types of rape / Wartime sexual violence