Added: June 21, 2014 – Last updated: April 8, 2017


Author: Raphaëlle Branche

Title: Sexual Violence in the Algerian War

Subtitle: -

In: Brutality and Desire: War and Sexuality in Europe’s Twentieth Century

Edited by: Dagmar Herzog

Place: Basingstoke

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Year: 2009

Pages: 247-260

Series: Genders and Sexualities in History

ISBN-10: 0230542530 (hbk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

ISBN-13: 9780230542532 (hbk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9780230285637 (pbk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9780230234291 (ebk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | African History: Algerian History; European History: French History | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / Algerian War



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Author: Raphaëlle Branche, Centre d’histoire sociale du XXème siècle, Université Paris1 Panthéon-SorbonneAuthor's Personal Website, Wikipedia


– »In her essay for this volume, she particularly documents the pervasiveness (and pervasive acceptance within the French military) of rapes of Algerian women, both of women held in detention camps and of civilian women assaulted in their homes and on the streets. Unlike torture, rape was not officially permitted, nor did it serve any military purpose beyond the terrorizing of the local population. Nonetheless, rape was widespread, and Branche looks at this ubiquity of rape both from the point of view of assumptions prevailing in France at that time about 'normal' male heterosexuality and in the context of Algerain Muslim and Kabyle conceptions of female sexual honor, interpreting the significance of Islam for the Algerian communities as itself a response to decades of French colonization and repressen.« (Source: Dagmar Herzog. »Introduction: War and Sexuality in Europe's Twentieth Century.« Brutality and Desire: War and Sexuality in Europe’s Twentieth Century. Edited by Dagmar Herzog. Basingstoke 2009: 10-11)

– »English-language historians have argued that the category of gender is particularly useful and relevant for understanding the violence of war, with rape now clearly identified as a ‘gendered war crime’. Very few French historians of the modern period, however, have examined past conflicts from a gender-based perspective. Still, times are changing and analyses of rape and sexual violence, and, more generally, a gender-based approach to wars are becoming less and less unusual in French historical studies.« (Source: SpringerLink)

Original: This essay is in large part a translation of: Branche, Raphaëlle . »Des viols pendant la guerre d’Algérie.« Vingtième Siècle No. 75 (2002): 123-132. – Bibliographic Entry: Info

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Algeria / French Algeria | History of Europe: History of France / French Fourth Republic, French Fifth Republic | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence | War: Algerian War / Torture during the Algerian War of Independence