Added: July 5, 2014 – Last updated: July 2, 2016


Authors: Bettina Böhm, Hans Zollner, Jörg M. Fegert, and Hubert Liebhardt

Title: Child Sexual Abuse in the Context of the Roman Catholic Church

Subtitle: A Review of Literature from 1981-2013

Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

Volume: 23

Issue: 6

Year: 2014 (Received: May 14, 2013, Accepted: November 26, 2013, Published online: June 9, 2014)

Pages: 635-656

ISSN: 1053-8712 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1547-0679 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | Types: Child Sexual Abuse, Clergy Sexual Abuse



EBSCOhost (Restricted Access)

Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access)



Jörg M. Fegert, Universitätsklinik für Kinder- und Jugendspychiatrie/Psychotherapie, Universität UlmWikipedia

Hans Zollner, Istituto di Psicologia (Institute of Psychology), Pontificia Università Gregoriana (Pontifical Gregorian University)

Abstract: »Child sexual abuse (CSA) in the Catholic Church has been increasingly recognized as a problem not limited to individual institutions. Recent inquiry commission reports provide substantial information on offense dynamics, but their conclusions have not been synthesized with empirical research to date. The aim of this systematic literature review was to bring together key findings and identify gaps in the evidence base. The three main focus points were: (a) types of publications and methodology used, (b) frequency information on CSA in the Catholic Church, (c) individual factors in offending, and (d) institutional factors. It was found that reports, legal assessments, and research on CSA within the Catholic Church provide extensive descriptive and qualitative information for five different countries. This includes individual psychological factors (static risk predictors, multiple trajectories) and institutional factors (opportunity, social dynamics), as well as prevalence rates illustrating a high “dark figure” of CSA.« (Source: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse)


  Methods (p. 636)
  Results (p. 637)
    Types of Publications (p. 637)
    Extent and Response Information on CSA (p. 640)
    Individual Factors in Sexual Offending (p. 642)
      Static Risk Factors (p. 642)
      Deviant Sexual Interests (p. 642)
      Personality Factors (p. 643)
    Institutional Factors in Sexual Offending (p. 644)
      Opportunity (p. 644)
      Social Dynamics (p. 645)
  Discussion (p. 647)
    Sources and Figures (p. 647)
    Individual and Social Factors: Implications for Practice (p. 648)
    Conclusion (p. 651)
  Acknowledgments (p. 651)
  References (p. 652)
  Author Notes (p. 656)

Wikipedia: Types of rape: Child sexual abuse / Catholic Church sexual abuse cases