Blum 2014 Viol

Title Information

Authors: Alain Blum and Amandine Regamey

Title: Le héros et la martyre ou le viol effacé (Lituanie 1944-2000)

Subtitle: -

Translation: The hero and the martyr, or rape erased from the record (Lithuania, 1944-2000)

Journal: Clio: Femmes, Genre, Histoire

Volume: -

Issue: 39

Year: 2014

Pages: 105-128

ISSN: 1252-7017 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1777-5299 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: French

Keywords: 20th Century | Lithuanian History, Russian History | Cases: Offenders / Alfonsas Ceponis; Cases: Victims / Elena Spirgeviien; Types: Wartime Rape / Second World War

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Additional Information


Alain Blum, Centre d’études franco-russe de MoscouWikipedia

Amandine Regamey, Centre d'Études des Mondes russe, Caucasien et Centre-européen

Abstract: »In June 1959, Elena Spirgeviien from Kaunas (Lithuania) lodged a complaint with the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, protesting against the posthumous award of Hero of the Soviet Union to the partisan Alfonsas Ceponis. In 1944, she wrote, this man was part of a gang that raped her, murdered her sister, and tried to rape then killed her daughter. Drawing on original archival documents published in this issue of Clio, this paper traces the various stages of the case and the conflicting stories it generated. It confronts the figure of the Soviet hero Ceponis with its deconstruction by Elena Spirgeviien, who portrays him as a bandit. It shows the reversal that took place during the investigation by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania: not only was the rape denied, but charges were brought against the plaintiff herself. Finally, the article outlines how the attempted rape and death of the daughter was used in the 1970s in a dissident Lithuanian discourse, which now prevails, to construct a new icon of martyrdom.« (Source: Clio)


  Héroïsme soviétique du combattant
  Meurtre, pillage et viol – retour au banditisme criminel
  La transformation de la plaignante en accusée
  La sanctification de la victime dans le discours nationaliste lituanien
  Conclusion : deux martyrs, un héros et une sainte

Wikipedia: War rape: World War II

Added: August 9, 2014 | Last updated: August 9, 2014